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“Stakeholders Consultation for Prioritizing the Rice research during 12 Five Year Plan”
“Stakeholders Consultation for Prioritizing the Rice research during 12 Five Year Plan” was conducted on 10 February 2012 at Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad. A cross-section of the rice stakeholders including the rice researchers from public and private sector, extension professionals from KVK, State departments, NGOs and most importantly farmers participated and contributed significantly in the day-long deliberations.
The whole programme was innovatively designed in a manner that the various issues of rice research and extension were discussed with every rice stakeholder representing their views.
The programme started with the opening remarks of the project director Dr B C Viraktamath. This was followed by the pep talk of Dr T Mohapatra on “Future Directions of Rice Research”.
Dr Shaik N Meera explained about the process and the methodology to be followed during the whole day discussions.
In order to freeze the existing rice scenario and to kindle the thought process among the participants, through a dialogue Drs JS Bentur and Chitra Shanker took the participants virtually to the present status and future prospects of rice research.
It was followed by the overwhelming responses of the participating rice stakeholders in the form of the directed discussions on various identified thematic areas like
· Development and Adoption of Varieties
· Can Hybrids make a difference?
· Can we make popular varieties further attractive? (Biotechnology Perspective)
· Grow More – Spend Less : Improving Input Use Efficiency of rice Cultivation (Production Perspective)
· Grow More – Spend Less : Improving Input Use Efficiency of rice Cultivation (Protection Perspective)
· Reaching the Unreached: Taking technologies to farmers
This directed discussions where all the stakeholders participated were divided into six groups based on the above said thematic areas to discuss further deeper to identify six specific and critical researchable issues with respect to their thematic areas. The concurrent session followed the methodology of identifying a leader to moderate the respective sessions. The concurrent “Storming the Brains” sessions significantly produced the following output.
Development and Adoption of Varieties
· Introgression from landraces, ecotypes and wild-NPT
· Specialty Rice / Value addition addition
3. Stress tolerance
· Location specific biotic stress tolerance
· Salinity, submergence, low light intensity
4. Input use efficiency
· Low nitrogen
· Low P
· Low water
5. Situation/Location Specific
· 1.Direction Seeding
· 2.Varites for mechanization
6. Maintenance Breeding.
Can Hybrids make a difference?
1. Development of heterotic pool and enhancement of magnitude of yield heterosis by using various tools including molecular markers
2. Development of good CMS line with stable & high combining ability and out crossing
3. Improvement and incorporation of resistance in parental lines for biotic (particularly BLB, blast, BPH)
4. Improvement of parental lines for grain quality characters (Head rice recovery, non- aroma and non sticky)
5. Intensifying research on seed production for alternate areas
6. 6. Improvement of resistance of parental lines for abiotic stresses (moisture stress and salinity)
Can we make popular varieties further attractive? (Biotechnology Perspective)
• Transgenics for biotic stress tolerance
– Stem borer
– Sheath blight
• Development of Genomic resources through muta genesis
– Understanding process and pathways of varieties like Rasi, Swarna and BPT.
• Identification of novel genes/alleles for major traits including Cold tolerance and Low light intensity.
• Integrating MAS with breeding for all target traits
Grow More – Spend Less : Improving Input Use Efficiency of rice Cultivation (Production Perspective)
- Standardization of Aerobic rice production technology what are suitable soils, lands and agro ecosystems sustainability?
- Mechanization of rice production
- STCR based recommendation, Green manuring and INM, Varietal identification for different nutrients?
- Assessment of soil health and it’s maintenance in agro ecosystem and carbon sequestration and its management in rice based cropping system
- Studies on suitability of rice based farming system
- Adaptation strategies of rice vis-a-vis climate change, GHG’S emission studies in different rice based cropping system.
Grow More – Spend Less: Improving Input Use Efficiency of rice Cultivation (Protection Perspective)
1. Host plant resistance
• Screening techniques – Neckblast, False smut Bakane ,-LB + NB
• Biotechnology tools – sh-Bl,Neckblast RTV,SB,LF,nematodes
• -Identified GM genes for incorporation in location specific popular var
• Extensive testing of identified resistant varieties – BPH+WBP + LB + N.Blast
• Identification of genes & markers – BLB,SB ,LF,sh.blight false smut, nematodes LB,NB
• Compatibility studies between recommended insecticides + fungicides & plant growth substances
• Impact of new pesticides on natural enemies
• Pheromones in 1PM
• Insecticide resistance management
• Studies on impact of climate change on pest & disease incidence
• Location specific cataloguing of biodiversity
3. Bio-ecology studies on emerging pests diseases & nematodes
4. Continuous monitoring of pest & diseases to track the changes in time & space.
Reaching the Unreached: Taking technologies to farmers
1. Identifying the constraints/gaps among the farmers and extension system perspective in order to effectively transfer the rice technologies
2. Regular research initiatives on Rice for better crop planning and remunerative prices for the farmers
3. Blending the traditional methods (personal contact, posters, farmers group) and Modern extension methods (Mobile telephones, Portals) for effective Transfer of Technology
4. Regular and Timely Capacity Building Programmes for Rice stakeholders like Farmers, Extension Professionals, Women Farmers, NGOs, SHG
5. Reaching out farmers in local languages with personal touch by locally educating at grass root level
6. Documentation of Success stories, ITKs, Field facts and Extension activities for up-scaling
The output of the various concurrent sessions was realigned to fit into the greater picture of rice research through presentations by the identified group leaders followed by the discussion and critical comments under the chairmanship of Dr E A Siddiq.
The meeting concluded with the wrap up session by Dr JS Prasad which included the presentation of the various final points that evolved during the reverse engineering session like,
· To sustain the rice production in the country, we need to focus on Eastern India
· In irrigated rice, yield gap should be narrowed down .
· If yield gap is already addressed, focus should be on hybrids with quality and consistency
· In pre-breeding, broadening the genetic base and pooling of genes by multi-parent breeding
· Crossing with wild rices (O. longistaminata)
· Hybrids with medium duration – should be the focus for developing hybrids – 130-145 days
· Hybrids for shallow lowlands and boro areas.
· Public awareness about transgenic rice should be taken up immediately
· Let us go slow about transgenic
· Novel genes for low light intensity
· Identifying aerobic rice suitable areas
· Mechanization especially when we are focusing on SRI
· Rice- Fish Farming system for lowland ecologies
· Climate change mitigation should be the focus for Production Scientists. Adaptation will be dealt by Breeders
· Biotype variation studies should be taken up immediately
· Impact of climate change on incidence of pests and diseases may be monitored
· Nano pesticides/ inputs
· Extension efforts should focus to minimize the yield gap within a village, by timely education and motivation
· Comprehensive package of practices should be taken to the farmers.
Identifying the “Researchable issues” through private communication
The participants of the stakeholder meetings were distributed with 5 green cards and one red cards and provided an opportunity to express five important researchable issues to be given priority (through 5 green cards) and one issue that has to be de-prioritized (through one red card). The issues shared by the stakeholders will be thoroughly assessed and taken into considerations. Some of the researchable issues for prioritizing and de-prioritizing as reflected in majority of the cards are given below,
1. Development of HYV/ Hybrids with quality stress tolerance and wider adaptability.
2. Market friendly and consumer preference
3. Input use efficiency – aerobic rice and post emergence weedicide
4. cost effective technologies
5. Soil health management
1. Stress tolerance
2. Input use efficiency
4. storage & value addition
5. Parental line Hybrids
6. Nutrition rich and healthy rice
1. Farmer participatory technology
2. Water saving technologies (Mechanization)
3. Marketing strategy
4. GIS and IT
5. Bio intensive IPM
6. Post harvest and Value addition
3. Climate change
4. INM and IPM popularisation- pesticide holiday
5. Hybrid rice Popularisation
6. Pesticide resistance
2. Public Private Partnerships
3. Seed Production
4. Bio fortification
To be de-prioritized
1. Drought resistance
4. High input cost inefficient technologies