1. Pusa Basmati 1, Kasturi,Bhogavati, Indrayani, Karjat 3, Pawana, PKV Khamang, PKV Makarand, Prabhavati, SKL 7, SYE -ER 1
Varieties for Saline Ecosystems in Maharashtra
1. IET 15358, Mahamaya, Improved Samba Mahsuri, IGP 1-37, Karjat 7, Ratnagiri 2, Sindewahi 75, SKL 8, SYE 5
1. Rasi, CR Dhan 40, Improved Ambemohar, Parag 401, Parbhani Avishkar, Tuljapur 1 (T)
Suraksha, Ratna, Pushyami, Sampada, Ambika, Jalgoan 5, Karjat 1, Karjat 184, Karjat 4, Palghar 60, Pondaghat 1, Radhanagiri 185-2, Ratnagiri 73-1, Ratnagiri 1, Ratnagiri 24, Ratnagiri 711-4-1, SKL 6, Sugandha, Terna,Karjat 2, Phule Samrudhi, PKV HMT, Ratnagiri 3, SYE 2001, SYE 4, ACK 5, Karjat 5, Karjat 6, Kundalika, Palghar 1, Phule Mawal, Phule Radha, PKV Ganesh, Ratnagiri-68-1-1, Hybrids : Sahyadri, Sahyadri 2, Sahyadri 3,Sahyadri 4*, KRH-2, PA 6444, Suruchi
Total number of HYVs released in Maharashtra were 55.
1. Popular hybrids: Sahyadri 2, Sahyadri 3.
2. Popular hybrids : Sahyadri 2, Sahyadri 3
1. Kalagirga, Ghansal, Champakali, Krishnasal, Tambadajog, Ambemohar, Kasbai, Thilsa, White Luchai, Chinoor
1. Positive growth rates have been reported overall in Maharashtra and also in the districts of Satara, Kolhapur and Nagpur for area, production and yield; Nashik, Dhule, Ahmednagar and Pune for area; Jalgaon, Aurangabad and Wardha for yield; Bhadra for area and production; Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Nandurbar and Gadchiroli for production and yield. Negative growth rates are experienced in the districts of Solapur, Jalna, Latur, Parbhani, Hingoli, Yavatmal, and Chandrapur
1. Since the fertilizer/ pesticide consumption in rice crop is not available, consumption in agriculture as a sector has been provided here to get an idea as rice is the predominant crop of the state.
2. Consumption of Electricity for Agriculture purpose (% share) : 15.66
3. Minimum wages for agriculture workers as on 5-8-2008 : Rs. 66-72
4. Cost of paddy production (2005-06): Rs. 762/qtl
1. A cursory look at the graph reveals that, in Maharashtra, over a period of four decades the productivity has more than doubled.
2. But in recent years there is stagnation in the productivity trend. In the state, Rabi productivity is 2.1 t/ha. Compared to this Kharif (1.6 t/ha] productivity is far below.
3. The production factors favour during the rabi season compared to the Kharif season.
1. Rice-Finger millet (ragi)
3. Rice-Sorghum (Jowar)
6. Rice-Oilseeds Other
1. The state has cultivated area of 17.43 m ha which is about 80% of the geographical area.
2. The net irrigated area is 2.94 m ha comprising of 17% of geographical area.
3. The major crops are sugarcane, cotton, sorghum, pearl millet, chickpea, soybean, sunflower and safflower.
1. Maharashtra lies between 15o44' and 22o6' N latitude and between 72o56' and 80o54' E longitude.
2. It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh in the north, Chhattisgarh in the east, Andhra Pradesh in Southeast and Karnataka and Goa in the south.
3. Climate is warm and humid. Rainfall ranges from 762-4000 mm.
1. Date of formation of state : 1st May1960
2. No. of districts: 35
3. Area: 8,07,713 sq km
4. Villages: 41,095
5. Capital: Mumbai
6. Towns: 378
7. Population: 96,752,247
8. Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 37,081
Marathi Name: Ghol.
• Prostrate succulent herb.
• It produces by seeds and stem fragments.
• Stem is succulent, fleshy, freely branched, normally forming mats when infesting intensively. Branches often reddish or purplish.
• Distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical areas.
Marathi name: Maka.
Family: Asteraceae .
• Diffusely branched annual herb.
• Leaves opposite, sessile, linear or oblong lanceolate narrowed at both ends;
• Propagation - seeds.
Marathi Name: Kena
• Broad leaf herbaceous weed
• Widely distributed in the tropics.
• Succulent or fleshy creeping and rooting below
• Seeds closely pitted.
• It s well adapted to moist swampy conditions making rapid growth and thick infestation can smother low growing crops.
• Propagation - broken pieces of stem.
Marathi Name: Kuradu, Kombada
• Erect glabrous tall herb with 1-1.5 m tall.
• Leaves alternate, simple and unbranched.
• Shallow root system.
• Propagation -seeds which germinates with the onset of rains.
• Winter annual .
• Erect, softly hairy and 50-90 cm tall annual herb;
• Leaves opposite soft stalked, ovate, 2-10 cm long, 0.5 to 3 cm wide with a pointed tip and the margin regularly serrated with blunt teeth.
• Stem is erect, hairy, cylindrical and nodes enlarged. • Fruit is achene black and ribbed with pappus of fine sift hairs on the upper end. • Propagation - seeds. • Distributed in tropical and subtropical countries