Hybrid rice was planted in an area of 1.3 m ha and additional rice production of 1.5 to 2.5 m t was added to the Indian food basket through this technology during the year 2010. More than 80 % of the total hybrid rice area is in eastern Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, with some little area in states like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Punjab and Haryana. Since hybrid rice technology is likely to play a key role in increasing the rice production in India, a study was conducted in eastern Uttar Pradesh with the following objectives:
- To assess the impact of hybrid rice technology on productivity and income
· To document the constraints in adoption of hybrid rice technology
In order to assess the impact of hybrid rice technology data were collected from 100 rice farmers of two districts viz., Ambedkarnagar and Bahraich districts of Uttar Pradesh. The economics of HYV and hybrid rice cultivation was assessed by using cost and returns concepts. The income obtained from HYV and hybrid rice cultivation was compared. The relative importance of the constraints in hybrid rice cultivation as perceived by the farmers were prioritized by using Garrett’s ranking technique.
The results revealed that the yield hike due to hybrid rice cultivation was 26.43 per cent, on an average the price fetched by the hybrid rice was 11.62 per cent lesser than the HYV rice. The total returns obtained per hectare from hybrid rice cultivation were 12.66 percent higher than the HYV rice cultivation. The net benefit cost ratio was 0.83 and 0.94 for HYV and hybrid rice cultivation respectively. Higher seed cost and lower pricing ability were the major constraints in cultivation of hybrid rice as opined by the farmers in the study area.
Hybrid rice has the potential to contribute significantly to improve production and sustain food security. Hence, efforts are needed to promote large scale adoption of hybrids in India. Higher cost of seed was found to be a major deterrent for large scale adoption of hybrid rice technology and hence the cost of the hybrid seed should be reduced. This can be done by improving the hybrid seed yields.