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1. The place with higher elevation in the field is selected for raising paddy nursery.
Reported by Rambabu(1997)
2. Villages nearby Simla in Himachal Pradesh, after the location of nursery is selected waste are burnt on that area, which kills insect pests. Then a plot 1 ft width and 3 ft length and 9 inches height is prepared by digging. One foot depth soil is removed from the plot and it is again burnt with waste materials. Then half of the removed soil is spread on the plot. Mixture of sand (2 parts) and rotten cow dung or its ash (1 part) are then spread on the plot, after which, seed sowing is done.
Reported by Chet Ram Dani(2003)
3. The traditional practice of Rab for raising rice nurseries in Ratnagiri district in soils near to sea coast, involves covering the seed bed area by 3-5 inches layer of thick dry refuse, setting fire to it in April-May on the eastern end of the area, preferably in the evening and allowing it to burn slowly. In soils away from the sea coast, farmers cover seed bed area by about 3-5” thick layer of dry leaves, grasses and one inch thin layer of fine soil followed by sprinkling of water. Then dry cattle–dung or other refuse was kept over it. This material is set on fire in April-May from the eastern end of the area. Although nitrogen in the organic matter is lost by burning, rab is a quick method of providing other nutrients particularly potash, which is usually limiting nutrient. Allowing organic matter to decay naturally would be too slow to help the seedling and composting is difficult due to the scarcity of water. The burning also helps to kill weeds and other harmful organisms.
Reported by S. A. Sawant ,P.A. Sawant and K.D. Kokate(2000)
4. Ash is dusted on the germinated paddy nursery before the occurrence of heavy rain. This practice prevent toppling of seedlings and also accumulation of seedlings on one side. This is being practiced by paddy growing farmers of Gooty region of Andhra Pradesh.
Reported by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Reddipally(2003)
5. Farm waste and trash are burnt on the nursery beds. The heat that is generated by burning, sterilizes the soil and some nutrients like potash is added. It is practiced in near by villages of Jammikunta in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh.
Reported by M. Venkatram(2003)
7. Paddy seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours and then kept in gunny bag to germinate. The germinated seed is directly sown (broadcasted) in the field. By this practice, transplanting cost is reduced. Though weeding is a major problem, by this practice crop period is reduced by 10 –16 days as well as the cost of cultivation is reduced.
Reported by A. Ramasami(2003)
8. For early sprouting of paddy seeds, the seeds are soaked for 24 hours and filled in copper vessel called Anda, whose mouth is covered with paddy straw and bamboo sticks kept in criss –cross manner. Then the vessel is kept upside down in a room corner for 24 hours. The next day all seeds are sprouted.
Reported by K. Perumal(2003)
Indigenous Technical Knowledge in Rice Cultivation. P. Muthuraman and Shaik. N. Meera