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Indigenous Nursery Management

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1.  The place with higher elevation in the field is selected for raising  paddy nursery.
 Reported by Rambabu(1997)

2.  Villages nearby Simla in Himachal Pradesh, after the location of nursery is selected waste are burnt on that area, which kills  insect pests.  Then a plot 1 ft  width and 3 ft  length  and 9 inches  height is  prepared  by digging.  One foot depth soil is removed from the plot  and it is again  burnt  with  waste materials. Then half of the removed  soil is spread on the plot. Mixture of sand (2 parts)  and rotten cow dung  or its ash (1 part)  are then  spread on  the plot,  after which, seed sowing  is done.
Reported by Chet Ram Dani(2003)

3. The traditional practice of Rab for raising rice nurseries in Ratnagiri district in soils near to sea coast, involves covering the seed bed  area by 3-5 inches layer of thick dry refuse, setting  fire to it  in April-May on the eastern end of the area, preferably in the evening and  allowing  it to burn  slowly. In soils away from the sea coast, farmers cover seed bed  area by about 3-5” thick layer of dry leaves, grasses and one inch  thin layer of fine soil followed  by sprinkling  of water. Then dry cattle–dung  or other  refuse was  kept over it. This material is  set on fire in April-May from the eastern end of the area. Although nitrogen in the organic matter is lost by burning,  rab is a quick method of providing  other nutrients  particularly potash, which is usually limiting nutrient. Allowing organic matter to decay naturally would be too slow to help the seedling and composting is difficult  due to the scarcity of water. The burning also helps to kill weeds and other harmful  organisms.
 Reported by S. A. Sawant ,P.A. Sawant and K.D. Kokate(2000)

4.  Ash is dusted on the  germinated  paddy nursery  before the occurrence of heavy rain. This  practice prevent toppling of seedlings and also accumulation of seedlings on one side. This is being practiced  by paddy  growing farmers  of Gooty region of Andhra Pradesh.
 Reported by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Reddipally(2003)

5. Farm waste and trash  are burnt  on the nursery beds. The heat that is generated by burning, sterilizes  the soil and some nutrients  like potash is added. It is practiced in near by villages of  Jammikunta in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh.
 Reported by M. Venkatram(2003)

7. Paddy  seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours and then kept in gunny bag to germinate. The germinated seed is directly sown (broadcasted) in the field. By this practice,   transplanting  cost  is reduced. Though  weeding is a major problem,  by this practice crop period is reduced by 10 –16 days  as well as  the cost of cultivation is reduced.
  Reported by A. Ramasami(2003)

8. For early sprouting of paddy  seeds, the seeds are soaked  for 24 hours  and filled  in copper  vessel  called  Anda, whose mouth  is covered  with  paddy straw  and bamboo sticks  kept in criss –cross manner. Then  the vessel  is  kept   upside  down in a room corner  for 24 hours.  The next day   all  seeds  are sprouted.
 Reported by K. Perumal(2003)

 

File Courtesy: 
Indigenous Technical Knowledge in Rice Cultivation. P. Muthuraman and Shaik. N. Meera
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