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1. Red loamy soils occur on hilly to undulating landscape on granites, granitic gneisses and Dharwad schists, occupying areas as a long strip along the western ghats in the transitional zone comprising western parts of Belgaum, Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Chitradurga, Udupi, Mangalore, Hassan and Kodagu districts and parts of Chitradurga, Tumkur, Kolar and Bangalore districts.
2. The soils of this region can further be sub-divided into the following three groups occurring on distinct physiographic position and have varying physico-chemical Properties.
a) Upper slops.
b) Undulating mid-slopes .
c) Valley plain soils.