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RICE POLICY

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Concurrent Session V : RICE POLICY

Chairman    : Vinod Kumaar Kaul, APEDA
Co-Chairman     : Dr. M. Chinnadurai
Rapporteurs    : Dr. K.N. Selvaraj

The session on Rice Policy included five papers; two papers are related to use of ICT tools for the rice based production system two papers on production and profitability trends across various states in India and one on enhancing the ecoefficiency in rice based farming system.

Lecture 1    :    "Enhancing Eco efficiency in rice based farming System" By Dr.V. Velu.

The eco based farming system paper highlighted the importance of use of all the naturally available resources which comprise of organic wastes including crop residues, urban waste, human waste, organic manures and biofertilizers. Further, integrated nutrition management and site specific management for improving soil health and organic matter content of the soils were emphasized. Significance of post harvest operations for minimizing the food damages to increase the availability of rice for the growing population, which grew at the rate of 1.64 per cent for the period between
2002-2003 and 2010-2011, was also highlighted. This paper also underlined the significance of three aspects namely reduce, reuse and recycle. Ultimately the present rice productivity of 3.20 ton./ha can be increased to 4.33 ton./ha which is the present global productivity.

Lecture 2    :    "Paddy Expert Sysyem: A new ICT tool for Extension" by Dr.N. Sriram.

The paper on ICT tools brought out the relevance of use of ICT tools in rice production system, which enable the rice growing farmers to undertake production, marketing and cultivation practices appropriately and timely.

Lecture 3    :    "Growth and profitability of rice across the Indian states and strategies to address the issues" by Dr.P.Samal

Lecture 4    :    "Rice Production Scenerio in India" By Dr. K.R.Karunakaran

The above two  papers on “Growth and profitability of rice across the Indian States and Strategies to address the issues” and “Rice Production Scenerio” brought out the examples of case studies, wherein higher rice productivity with reduction in cost of cultivation was made possible through use of ICT tools for timely and appropriate decisions. The analysis of  production and profitability trends in the two research papers indicated a wider  variability in rice productivity due to host of factors. Both the papers brought out various strategies based on productivity variation and area contribution of the various states  in India. The papers suggested for technological and policy interventions to increase rice productivity to meet the rising demand despite the fact that Engel law operates in India. Eastern Indian region shares lesser to total rice production though the region has highest share in terms of area due to low productivity. Hence, both the authors suggested for increasing the rice yield in the Eastern region through various interventions to meet the domestic demand and export requirements.

Lecture 5    :    "Rice Knowledge Management Portal - An insight" by Dr.Sheik Meera.

The www.rkmp.com is the rice knowledge management portal, which has the voluminous data and information on rice including production, marketing, exports, cultivation practices and location specific varieties.

Recommendations

X     Utilisation of all the naturally available resources which comprise organic wastes including crop residues, urban waste, human waste, organic manures and bio fertilizers to enhance the land,soil health and crop productivity should be continuously encouraged.

X     Integrated nutrition management and site specific management for improving soil health and organic matter content of the soils were emphasized on priority.

X     The application of ICT tools brought out the relevance of use of ICT tools in rice production system, which enable the rice growing farmers to undertake production, marketing and cultivation practices appropriately and timely need to be completely followed.

X     Significance of the three aspects namely reduce, reuse and recycle to reach ultimately 3.30 ton/ha which is the present global productivity from the present level of rice productivity of 3.20t/ha need to be soon realized.

X     Eastern region,though has highest share of area,actually produces lesser to total rice production.Various rice policy,technological and social aspects interventions and activated rice R&D thrusts are the need of the hour.

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