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India is one of the important countries in the world in export of rice. India's exports are expected to go up further during current financial year. Hence, Indian rice exports are set to reach second place in the world markets after Thailand edging out Vietnam in the process as per the report of the Food and Agricultural Organisation. Basmati export market is a lucrative area. Though India and Pakistan enjoy to have the maximum shares in this market, competitors from others countries are already coming up.
Basmati varieties have special characteristics that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Rice export from India constitutes the major share of Basmati rice. Nearly two-third of Basmati rice produced in India is exported. Basmati rice is the leading aromatic fine quality rice of the world trade and it fetches good export price in the international markets. Infact, Basmati rice is a gift from "Mother Nature" to the Indian sub-continent and grows in the Indo-Gangatic plains only. Basmati rice being novel product is characterized by its unique grain size, aroma and cooking qualities. Being high value product, it has got good export demand. Hence, the export has been very high and exports have been steadily growing. During the year 2000-01, Basmati rice export touched an all time high record figure of 8.52 lakh mt (provisional) showing on increase of 62.9% over 1996-97.
The percentage share of export value of Basmati rice in the food grains export earnings was 76.10 per cent during 1993-94. About 60-70 per cent of the total Basmati production in the country exported every year to the international market mainly Saudi-Arabia, U.A.E, Kuwait, Oman, Russia, U.K and U.S.A. During 1997-98, India exported around 581791.0 metric tones of Basmati rice. There is vast scope for further expansion of Basmati rice export, provided we could supply to farmers dwarf high yielding Basmati varieties along with appropriate production technologies. Hence, to fill this gap between demand and supply, the present investigation will be carried out for achieving this by selecting suitable aromatic cultivar and appropriate time of transplanting.
Mohammad Shamim, K.K. Singh, B.Gangwar, Sunil Kumar and Vinay Prasad Mandal
Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research, Modipuram-250110
Dr. Mohammad Shamim, Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research, Modipuram-250110