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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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• The insecticides as recommended at boot stage should be used.


• Irrigate the field and spray in the evening hours with any of the following combinations, dichlorvos @ 1.0 ml + endosulfan @ 2.0 ml (or) dichlorovos 1.0 ml + chlorpyriphos 2.5 ml/litre of water.


Water management for Central Telangana Zone

Water management:

• Proper water management facilitates good tillering, increased nutrient use and reduce weed infestation.

• Maintain shallow depth of water (1-2 cm) at the time of transplanting.

• Increase the water level up to 5 cm depth after transplanting till crop establishment.

• Maintain shallow depth of water ( 2-3 cm) during tillering phase of crop.

• Maintain 5 cm of water during panicle initiation to physiological maturity (10 Days before harvest) of the crop.

• Crop should not face water stress at panicle initiation, flowering and milky stages.


• Spray acephate @ 1.5 g or monocrotophos @ 2.2 ml or ethofenprox @ 2.0 ml or fenobucarb @ 2.0 ml or imidacloprid @ 0.25 ml or thiamethoxam @ 0.2 g or Buprofuzin 1.6ml per litre of water.

• Spray fluid (200 litres/acre) should be directed towards the base of the plant.

• Avoid spraying of combination of insecticides and synthetic pyrethroids.

• If second spray is warranted alternate the previous chemical preferably belonging to another group.


• Cartap hydrochloride 50 WP 2.0 g or acephate 1.5 g or profenophos 2.0 ml /litre of water (or) apply cartaphydrochloride 4G @ 8 kg/acre when the adult moths/egg masses @ one/ sq.m are noticed in the field.

Leaf folder:

• Spray cartaphydrochloride 2.0 g or acephate 1.5 g or profenophos 2.0 ml /litre of water.

Panicle mite:

• Spray profenophos 2.0 ml or dicofol 5.0 ml/litre of water


Chemical control of pests at Tillering stage in Central Telangana Zone

Stemborer, Thrips and Hispa:

• Spray monocrotophos @ 36 SL 1.6 ml or chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 2.5 ml or phosphamidon 40 SL@ 2.0 ml/litre of water.


• Apply phorate 10G @ 12.5 kg/ha or carbofuran 3 G @ 25 kg/ha at 15 DAT in 1– 2 inches of standing water.

Leaf folder:

• Spray profenophos @ 2.0 ml or chlorpyriphos @ 2.5 ml or monocrotophos 36 SL @ 1.6 ml/litre of water.


• Spray profenophos @ 2.0 ml or chlorpyriphos @ 2.5 ml or monocrotophos @1.6 ml/litre of water .

Leaf mite:

• Dicofol @ 5.0 ml or wettable sulphur @ 3 g /l of water.


Plant Protection for Central Telangana Zone

1. Plant protection measures are of two types • Cultural practices • Chemical control 2. Chemical control Practices can be done at different stages of crop growth like Tillering stage, Panicle initiation to booting stage, Post flowering.

Nutrient Management for Central Telangana Zone

Nutrient management:

• Soil fertility and productivity of rice can be improved and maintained through integrated use of organic, inorganic and bio fertilizers in a balanced manner.

• 25-50% of recommended N through Green manures/compost /FYM/ poultry manures results sustainable yields.

• Green manuring insitu with Sesbania / Crotalaria / Pillipesara or grain legume crop residues like black gram/ green gram can sustain the soil fertility and productivity .

• Bio fertilizers like blue green algae, Azolla, Azospirillum, Phosphobacteria can save about 10 – 20 % `N’ & `P’ requirement of rice crop.

• Apply N, P2O5 and K2O @ 180: 90: 60 kg /ha during rabi. Apply entire `P2O5’ & `K2O’ as basal while `N’ in three equal splits (Basal + Active tillering + Panicle initiation stage). In light textured soils apply `K2O’ in two splits half at basal and half at panicle initiation along with 2nd top dressing of `N’.

• Drain out the field before N topdressing and irrigate the field after 2 days only.

• Apply Zinc Sulphate @ 50 Kg / ha to avoid the Zn deficiency. Deficiency in the standing crop can be corrected by spraying zinc sulphate @ 0.2% (2 g /L of water). The spraying should be repeated at 5 days interval depending on the severity of the problem.

• If Iron deficiency noticed Spray of ferrous sulphate @ 20-30 g and citric acid @ 2-3 g/L is suggested. 2-3 sprays at 5-day interval are needed.


Fertilizer Recommendation for Central Telangana Zone

a) Nursery :

• Basal fertilization with 0.5 kg of `N’; 0.5 kg of `P’ and 0.5 Kg of `K’ per every 100 is required to get robust seedlings, followed by another 0.5 kg `N’ at 12 days after sowing.

• Spray ZnSO4 @ 2.0 g /l for correction of Zinc deficiency if deficiency is observed.

• Spray 5-10 g Ferrous sulphate (or) Ferrous ammonium sulphate with 0.5 to 1.0 gram of citric acid per litre of water to correct Iron deficiency in the nursery crop.

b) Main field: 

• Nitrogen is to be applied in three splits (at basal, at active tillering Stage & at Panicle Initiation stage) `P’ & `K’ may be applied as basal in heavy soils.

• In case of light soils, `K’ may be applied in two equal splits i.e., at basal and at panicle initiation stage.


Weed Management for Central Telangana Zone

Weed management:

• The crop should be maintained weed free especially till 45 DAT.

• Hand weeding at 20 and 40 days after transplanting in areas where manual labour is available at reasonable rates.

• To over come weed problem apply any one of the following herbicides keeping thin film of water.

Butachlor @ 1.25 litres /acre (or) Anilophos @ 500 ml/acre (or) Pretilachlor @ 600 ml /acre (or) Oxadiargyl @ 40 grams (mixed with one litre of water) with in 3 to 5 days of transplanting or spray Pyrazosulfuran ethyl @ 80-100 g/ acre at 8-12 DAT or Bensulfuron methyl @ 35 g /acre as pre to post emergence (3-25 DAT). 2,4- D SS @400 g / acre at 20-25 DAT to control broadleaved weeds .


Land preparation for Main field in Central Telangana Zone

Main field preparation:

• Plough the soil once or twice in mid summer prior to main field preparation ,it will help in checking the weed growth by exposing the root system of weeds. It also exposes egg masses and hibernated stages of different pests and disease to the hot Sun and helps soil to retain moisture received during summer.

• Under canal irrigation green manuring is very much suggested.

• Initiate puddling at least 15 days before transplanting.

• Tractor / power tiller puddling to a depth of 15 cm is enough.

• Level the field perfectly after final puddling and allow it to settle for 2-3 days before transplanting in heavy soils which helps in better water and weed control.

• Transplant 4-6 leaf stage rice seedlings of ( 25 days old).

• Avoid usage of over aged seedlings for transplanting in rice as use 40 days for medium duration and more than 30 days for short duration varieties reduce the yield drastically.

• Transplant 44 hills/m2 during Rabi at 2-3 cm depth @ 2-3 seedlings /hill.

 • In less fertile soils and in the case of over aged seedlings, transplant 66 hills / m2 to reduce the yield loss to some extent.

• Make 20 cm alleyways at every 2 meters apart to facilitate free aeration and for uniform application of fertilizers, Weedicides and pest management practices.


Land preparation for Wet Nursery Management in Central Telangana Zone

Nursery Management (Wet): • Select an area of nursery, which has good irrigation and drainage facility. • Prepare the nursery field one month before sowing • Prepare nursery field by ploughing twice in the summer subsequently by puddling 3-4 times at an interval of 5-6 days. • Level the field after final puddling and prepare raised beds of one-meter width and of convenient length duly forming channels for irrigation and proper drainage. • Apply Well-decomposed FYM/ compost @ 200 kg/ 5cents nursery to improve soil condition. • Soak the paddy seed for 16-24 hours and incubate for 24-36 hours before sowing of sprouted seed. • Apply 2 kg Nitrogen ( 4.4 kg of Urea), 1 kg of `P2O5’ (6.25 kg of SSP) and 1kg of `K2O’ (1.7 kg of MOP) for a nursery bed of 5 cents ( 200 m2) . • Apply total `P’ & `K’ fertilizers and ½ `N’ as basal (before final leveling and thoroughly mixed in the soil). • Apply the remaining ½ `N’ at 10-15 days after sowing depending up on seedling growth. • Sow the sprouted seed @ 5 kg/cent (40 m2) of nursery bed and 20 kg seed is sufficient for one acre of main field. • Broadcast sprouted seed uniformly in seedbeds by keeping thin film of water and drain the water next day morning for proper aeration. • Maintain alternate wet and dry during first week, after that beds can be flooded 2-3 cm depth depending up on height of seedlings. • Apply@ 75 ml Benthiocarb or Pretilachlor with safener@ 40 ml or Butachlor @50 ml or Pyrazosulfuron @ 5 g in 10 litres of water as pre emergence application for five cents nursery to over come weed problem • Apply Cyhalo fop P butyl @ 20 ml/ 10 litres of water at 12-15 DAS to control Echinochloa spp. effectively. • At the time of uprooting, the nursery should be flooded two daye before to avoid root damage
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