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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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06
Aug

Rice blast

Local name: Causal organism: magnaporthe grisea

1. This diseases affects the crop at all the crop stages viz., nursery, tillering and flowering. The yield loss ranges from 36-50 % depending upon the variety and environment condition.

2. Typical leaf lesion are spindle shaped, usually with redish yellow margin; grey in the centre.

3. Leaves of susceptible variety may be killed. The fungus may also attack the stems at the node which turn dark brown to blackish in colour and tend to break easily.

4. Lesions may also occur on panicle neck.The infected necks turn blackish and breakover. Neck blast results in few or no seeds in the panicle.

Management

1. Plant varities resistant to blast like Karma masuri, IR 64, Samleshwai.

2. Avoid late planting.

3. Plant as early as possible within the recommended planting period.

4. For leaf blast, reflood if field has been drained. Maintain flood at 4-6 inches to ensure soil is covered.

5. Do not over fertilize with nitrogen Apply a fungicide Adinophos or tricyclazol – 0.1% hinosan or bim 0.05% between 12-15 days of infection.

06
Aug

Case worm

 

Local name : Chitri.

 Nature of damage of Case worm:

1. Larvae cut the leaf tips and roll by spinning both margins to make tubular case.

2. They live inside the tube, feed on leaves, float over the water to move from plant to plant and I defoliate rice plant before maximum tillering.

3. During heavy damage, leaves are skeletonised and appear whitish in colour.

Management of Rice Case Worm Tillering stage :

850 ml monocrotophos 36%/ 1500 ml chlorpyriphos 20%. Booting stage: 1100 ml monocrotophos 36%/ 800 ml fipronil 5%. Tillering Stage: 850 ml Endosulfan 35%/ 850 ml monocrotophos 36%.

06
Aug

Rice Root aphid

 

Local name :

Nature of damage:

1. Nymphs and adults suck the sap from the tender roots.

2. In heavy infestation seedlings' growth is stunted, become pale yellow in colour and do not flower.

3. The infestation starts in vegetative stage 25 -30 days after sowing and continues till ripening.

Management of Rice Root aphid:

1. Several natural enemies are recorded: a braconid wasp Aphidius sp. and a mermithid nematode Mermis sp. are recorded parasites of nymphs and adults.

2. Coccinellids such as Menochilus sexmaculatus (Fabricius) and Harmonia octomaculata (Fabricius) feed on nymphs and adults.

06
Aug

Gundhi bug and Sucking bug

 

Local name- Gundhi bug.

Nature of damage:

1. The adults and nymphs suck the juice from the developing grains in the early stage of grain formation.

2. Young succulent leaves and shoots are also attacked before the grain formation stage. Infestation is characterised by the presence of some empty or ill-formed grains in the panicles.

3. A hole is left on the grain at the point of puncture and around that hole a brownish spot develops causing discoloration of the panicles.

Management of Gindhi bug:

1. Dust Malathion or Carbaryl @ 30 kg of the formulation/ha 2. Spray monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1500 ml ha-1 or endosulfan 35 EC @ 1500 ml ha-1 or carbaryl 50 WP @1500 g ha-1 or dust malathion or carbaryl @ 30 kg of the formulation ha-1.

06
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “Indira Rajeshwari”

Field Preperation : Field should be prepared twice or thrice by ploughing and cross ploughing followed by proper puddling is essential so that weeds may be buried in the field. Nursery Management and transplanting: The rice variety tested under transplanting condition. The nursery has to be prepared following the standard methods. The seed rate of 35 kg ha-1 found to be sufficient for planting one hectare of area after planning seeds in nursery. The seeds should be covered from a thin layer of FYM, which will be helpfect for the proper removal of nursery before transplanting. 1. Field is prepared well by ploughing followed by puddling. 2. 10 t/ha FYM may be incorporated in the soil to obtained high yield potential. 3. 18 – 22 day old seedlings to be transplanted in 20 X 10 cms using 1-2 plants /hill. 4. The depth of planting should not exceed more than 2-3 cm. 5. The planting should be done between second to fourth weak of july to obtain the potential yield from the variety. Weed Management: The herbicide may be used to avoid initial weed crop compettion. For this purpose, 1.50 Kg a. i/ha Butachlore or 1.00 kg a. i/ha Pendamethaline should be applied as pre emergence (3-5 day after transplanting) in moist field condition. One mechanical or hand weeding may be performed at 25-30 days after sowing. Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl @60-65g/ha or Cyhalofop buty 1 @ 80g/ha for grassy weed and Ethoxysal furon @ 15 g/ha or chloromuron ethyl+metasulfuron methyl @ 4g/ha for broad leave weed control may be applied at 15888-20 days after sowing/ planting. Fertilizer: 100-120 Kg N/ha; 60 Kg P2O5/ha; 40 kg K2O/ha Time of fertilizer application: The whole quantity of phosphorous and potash and 50% Nitrogen should be applied as basal dressing in heavy soil. The remaining N should be top dressed in two equal splits at active tillering and PI stage of the crop. The basal applied fertilizer may properly be incorporated in the soil; otherwise applied N may be lossed through
06
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “Durgeshwari”

Field Preperation : Field should be prepared twice or thrice by ploughing and cross ploughing followed by proper puddling is essential so that weeds may be buried in the field. Nursery Management and transplanting: The rice variety tested under transplanting condition. The nursery has to be prepared following the standard methods. The seed rate of 35 kg ha-1 found to be sufficient for planting one hectare of area after planning seeds in nursery. The seeds should be covered from a thin layer of FYM, which will be helpfect for the proper removal of nursery before transplanting. 1. Field is prepared well by ploughing followed by puddling. 2. 10 t/ha FYM may be incorporated in the soil to obtained high yield potential. 3. 18 – 22 day old seedlings to be transplanted in 20 X 10 cms using 1-2 plants /hill. 4. The depth of planting should not exceed more than 2-3 cm. 5. The planting should be done between second to fourth weak of july to obtain the potential yield from the variety. Weed Management: The herbicide may be used to avoid initial weed crop compettion. For this purpose, 1.50 Kg a. i/ha Butachlore or 1.00 kg a. i/ha Pendamethaline should be applied as pre emergence (3-5 day after transplanting) in moist field condition. One mechanical or hand weeding may be performed at 25-30 days after sowing. Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl @60-65g/ha or Cyhalofop buty 1 @ 80g/ha for grassy weed and Ethoxysal furon @ 15 g/ha or chloromuron ethyl+metasulfuron methyl @ 4g/ha for broad leave weed control may be applied at 15888-20 days after sowing/ planting. Fertilizer: 100-120 Kg N/ha; 60 Kg P2O5/ha; 40 kg K2O/ha Time of fertilizer application: The whole quantity of phosphorous and potash and 50% Nitrogen should be applied as basal dressing in heavy soil. The remaining N should be top dressed in two equal splits at active tillering and PI stage of the crop. The basal applied fertilizer may properly be incorporated in the soil; otherwise applied N may be lossed through
06
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “Indira BARANI Dhan - 1”

Field Preperation : Field should be prepared twice or thrice by ploughing and cross ploughing. Direct Seeded: Preferably this strain should be direct sown in the line with a line to line spacing of 20 cm. the seed rate of 70-80 Kg/ha should be maintained. The seed should be treated with bavistin. • 10 t/ha FYM may be incorporated in the soil to obtain high yield potential. • The depth of planting should not exceed more than 5 to 6 cm. • Planting should not be done between third to fourth week of june to obtain the potential yield from the variety. Weed Management: The herbicide may be used to avoid initial weed crop compettion. For this purpose, 1.50 Kg a. i/ha Butachlore or 1.00 kg a. i/ha Pendamethaline should be applied as pre emergence (3-5 day after transplanting) in moist field condition. One mechanical or hand weeding may be performed at 25-30 days after sowing. Fertilizer: 80 Kg N/ha; 60 Kg P2O5/ha; 40 kg K2O/ha. Time of fertilizer application: The whole quantity of phosphorous and potash and 50% Nitrogen should be applied as basal dressing in heavy soil. The remaining N should be top dressed in two equal splits at active tillering and PI stage of the crop. The basal applied fertilizer may properly be incorporated in the soil; otherwise applied N may be lossed through various means. Under light soils only 30 % N may be applied before transplanting and properly incorporated in the puddle field. The treating of urea either with neem cake of neem extract materials enhanced the efficiency of applied N. thus; this technology should be preferred during kharif season. Plant Protection: The need based and recommended plant protection measures should be adopted. The other cultural practices may be adopted similar as recommended for Kharif rice.
06
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “Maheshwari”

Field Preperation : Field should be prepared twice or thrice by ploughing and cross ploughing followed by proper puddling is essential so that weeds may be buried in the field. Nursery Management and transplanting: The rice variety tested under transplanting condition. The nursery has to be prepared following the standard methods. The seed rate of 35 kg ha-1 found to be sufficient for planting one hectare of area after planning seeds in nursery. The seeds should be covered from a thin layer of FYM, which will be helpfect for the proper removal of nursery before transplanting. 1. Field is prepared well by ploughing followed by puddling. 2. 10 t/ha FYM may be incorporated in the soil to obtained high yield potential. 3. 18 – 22 day old seedlings to be transplanted in 20 X 10 cms using 1-2 plants /hill. 4. The depth of planting should not exceed more than 2-3 cm. 5. The planting should be done between second to fourth weak of july to obtain the potential yield from the variety. Weed Management: The herbicide may be used to avoid initial weed crop compettion. For this purpose, 1.50 Kg a. i/ha Butachlore or 1.00 kg a. i/ha Pendamethaline should be applied as pre emergence (3-5 day after transplanting) in moist field condition. One mechanical or hand weeding may be performed at 25-30 days after sowing. Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl @60-65g/ha or Cyhalofop buty 1 @ 80g/ha for grassy weed and Ethoxysal furon @ 15 g/ha or chloromuron ethyl+metasulfuron methyl @ 4g/ha for broad leave weed control may be applied at 15888-20 days after sowing/ planting. Fertilizer: 100-120 Kg N/ha; 60 Kg P2O5/ha; 40 kg K2O/ha Time of fertilizer application: The whole quantity of phosphorous and potash and 50% Nitrogen should be applied as basal dressing in heavy soil. The remaining N should be top dressed in two equal splits at active tillering and PI stage of the crop. The basal applied fertilizer may properly be incorporated in the soil; otherwise applied N may be lossed through
06
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “Danteshwari” ( For KHARIF Season)

Field Preperation : Field should be prepared twice or thrice by ploughing and cross ploughing followed by proper puddling is essential so that weeds may be buried in the field. Sowing : Sowing in line at 20 cm apart should be done after onset of monsoon by seed drill or nari plough. Seed rate: 70-80Kg/ha seeds should be used for the seeding in line. Weed Management: The herbicide may be used to avoid initial weed crop compettion. For this purpose, 1.50 Kg a. i/ha Butachlore or 1.00 kg a. i/ha Pendamethaline should be applied as pre emergence (3-5 day after transplanting) in moist field condition. One mechanical or hand weeding may be performed at 25-30 days after sowing. Fertilizer: 60-80 Kg N/ha; 40-50 Kg P2O5/ha; 30-40 kg K2O/ha Time of fertilizer application: The whole quantity of phosphorous and potash and 50% Nitrogen should be applied as basal dressing in heavy soil. The remaining N should be top dressed in two equal splits at active tillering and PI stage of the crop. Under light soils only 30 % N may be applied before transplanting and properly incorporated in the puddle field. The treating of urea either with neem cake of neem extract materials enhanced the efficiency of applied N. thus; this technology should be preferred during kharif season. Plant Protection: The need based and recommended plant protection measures should be adopted. The other cultural practices may be adopted similar as recomonded for Kharif rice.
05
Aug

Soil nutrient status for different rice ecosystems

1. UPLAND

1. Apply one third nitrogen and full phosphorous and potassium as basal through plough sole placement or by fertilized seed drill. Top dressed the rest of the 2/3rd nitrogen after weeding about 20-30 and 40-45 days after sowing depending on rainfall. Under inadequate rains, apply nitrogen through foliar spray using 2-3% urea solution.

2. If farmers can manage only 20kg of nitrogen/ ha, it should be topdressed at 25-30days after sowing depending on rainfall or applied by foliar spray of 2-3% urea solution when rain is unadequate. Remove weeds before applying fertilir.

2. SHALLOW LOW LAND

1. Place half of the available nitrogen and full phosphorous and potassium by plough sole or with the help of ferti-seed drill.

2. Top dress the rest of the nitrogen after 25-30 days after sowing at adequate moisture. If the soil moisture is insufficient, apply nitrogen through foliar spray using 2-3% urea solution.

3. If the farmers have the capacity to purchase just enough fertiliser to supply only 20 kg nitrigen/ha, apply it as topdressing after 25-30 days of sowing with adequate soil moisture after weeding but in vertisol farmers should also apply 10-15 kg/ha phosphatic fertilizer.

4. Top dressed the remaining nitrogen at panicle initiation. For top dressing, mix the fertiliser with farmyard manure in 1:10 ratio and incubate for 48 hours.

SEMI DEEP LAND

1. Apply half nitrogen and full phosphorous and potassium as basal through plough sole placement. Apply the remaining half nitrogen in two equal splits.

a. through topdressing after 40 – 45 days after sowing or 25-30days after transplanting after the water is drained off.

b. top dressed the remaining nitrogen at panicle initiation. For top dressing, mix the fertiliser with farmyard manure in 1:10 ratio and incubate for 48 hours.

If the farmers have the capacity to purchase just enough fertiliser to supply only 20 kg nitrogen/ha, it shou

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