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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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Ploughing: 2-3 ploughings are essential after harvesting of kharif crop. Sowing time of nursery: 15th Dec to 15th Jan Seed rate: 60-75 Kg/ha Lehi method : first week of Febaruary Seed rate : 100 Kg/ha Method of Raising Nursery Lehi system: Seed is kept in wetted jute bag with lukewarm water for 24 hrs. then seed is sprayed and covered with paddy straw for 48 to 72 hours and lukewarm water is spread whenever needed. Sprouted seeds are broadcasted in well prepared and drained field after application of recommended basal fertilizer dose. Transplanting Method: • For raising seedling one cart FYM is applied in 100 Sq. mt. field before • Field is well ploughed and puddle and sprouted seeds are used for sowing. • Maintaining the sufficient level of moisture in field after sowing. Transplanting: • Field is prepared well by ploughing followed by puddling • 10t/ha FYM may be incorporated in the soil to obtain high yield potential. • 40-50 day old seedlings to be transplanted in 20 X 10 cms using 3-4 Plants/hill. • The depth of planting should not exceed more than 3 to 4 cm. Fertilizer: 120 Kg N/ha; 60 Kg P2O5/ha; 40 kg K2O/ha Method of Application • The 50% of nitrogen and whole quantity of phosphorus and Potash should be applied as basal dose. • The remaining nitrogen should be applied in two splits i.e at active tillering stage and panicle initiation stage. Insect and diseases control: although insect and disease occurance during summer season is lower than that of paddy Kharif season. However, the plant protection measures should be adopted on need based basis. The other cultural practices may be adopted similar as recommended for Kharif rice.
05
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “Shyamla”

The variety is proposed to be recommended for medium lands rainfed situations. Better yield can be obtained if supplemental 1 or 2 irrigations can be available in case of terminal rain failures. Nursery: Normally recomonded for baisi method since ‘Karga’ problem is not generally encountered in transplanted areas. Selection of seed: As usual in immersing seed in 17% salt solution and selecting those which setteled down. Sowing time: Should not be delayed beyond second 10th July earlier sowing is better. Fertilizer Application: 80 + 50 + 30 Kg/ha or according to soil tests for situation where supplemental irrigation is possible, moisture retained in soil for more time or 50 + 30 +20 NPK under rainfed situation. Spacing: 20 X 15 cm and 15 X 15 cm under late transplanted condition and 100 Kg under baisi conditions. Disease and Pest control: The line is tolerant to Bacterial blight, for other pests recomonded practices be followed. Seeding dip treatment is particularly recommended with chlopyrophos 0.02% for 12 hours for early protection from insects.
05
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “ Indira-9”

Nursery Management: The seedling should be grown in nursery following either wet bed or dry bed system, the seeds of 35-40 Kg should be used in 1000/m2 nursery area to achieve the desired seedling for planting of one hectare of field. The seed treatments should be done with Bavistin or Thirum @ 2- 2.5 g/kg of seeds. The 5-6g/m2 N and P should be applied in nursery. The nitrogen should be again applied after 15-18 days if yellowishness is appeared in the Plants, 3-4 cm water level needed to be maintained according to the height of the seedlings. The nursery should be kept weed free. Field Preperation : For transplanting of rice seedlings, the field should be nicely prepared in 3-4 cm standing water. Field should be leveled with help of leveler. The ploughing intensity of the field is depending upon the intensity of weeds in the field. The care should be taken that weeds are properly burred during puddling and leveling. Transplanting: The crop should be planted during mid- third week of july to obtained higher yield as well as quality. The late planting encourages the chaffy grains not only in Indira-9 but also in other varities. Age of seedling For planting healthy seedlings of 30-40 days old should be selected, which maintains the quality as well as grain yield. Further increased age of seedlings adversely affect the grain yield of rice. Spacing: The crop be planted in line, spacing between the rows should be maintained either at 20 or 15 cm whereas the plant to plant spacing need to kept at 10 cm. two to three plants should be planted per hill. The care need to be taken that it should neither in shallow depth nor in deeper depth. Three to four centimeter depth of water will be sufficient to stand the crop. Fertilizer Application: The applications are the essential component for grain yield and quality of rice. The application of 60 Kg P2O5 and 40 Kg K2O per hectare as basal dressing is essential to obtain the potential yield along with nitrogen.
05
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “ Jaldubi”

Package of Practice Nursery Management: The seedling should be grown in nursery following either wet bed or dry bed system, the seeds of 35-40 Kg should be used in 1000/m2 nursery area to achieve the desired seedling for planting of one hectare of field. The seed treatments should be done with Bavistin or Thirum @ 2- 2.5 g/kg of seeds. The 5-6g/m2 N and P should be applied in nursery. The nitrogen should be again applied after 15-18 days if yellowishness is appeared in the Plants, 3-4 cm water level needed to be maintained according to the height of the seedlings. The nursery should be kept weed free. Field Preperation : For transplanting of rice seedlings, the field should be nicely prepared in 3-4 cm standing water. Field should be leveled with help of leveler. The ploughing intensity of the field is depending upon the intensity of weeds in the field. The care should be taken that weeds are properly burred during puddling and leveling. Transplanting: The crop should be planted during mid- third week of july to obtained higher yield as well as quality. The late planting encourages the chaffy grains not only in jaldubi but also in other varities. Age of seedling For planting healthy seedlings of 30-35 days old should be selected, which maintains the quality as well as grain yield. Further increased age of seedlings adversely affect the grain yield of rice. Spacing: The crop be planted in line, spacing between the rows should be maintained at 20 cm whereas the plant to plant spacing need to kept at 10 cm. two to three plants should be planted per hill. The care need to be taken that it should neither in shallow depth nor in deeper depth. Three to four centimeter depth of water will be sufficient to stand the crop. Fertilizer Application: The applications are the essential component for grain yield and quality of rice. The application of 50 Kg P2O5 and 30 Kg K2O per hectare as basal dressing is essential to obtain the potential yield along with
05
Aug

Grain Storage System in Chhattisgarh

 

1. Food grain produce is kept reserve for off season food purpose and seed purpose. The major grain stored in this region is paddy, which is kept in different type of storage structures.

2. The different types of structures are depending on the climatic condition and availability of materials used for making the structures. The type of storage structure varies according to the purpose of storage like major storage pest infesting the grains are as follows- seed, food and sale of grains.

3. The farmer of Chhattisgarh consider grain moth as major pest of cereals and rats as the most serious pest for all kind of grains stored. The major food grain, which is stored in the storage structure by farmer is paddy whereas other grains like oilseed and pulses are kept in gunny bags.

4. The major storage structure prevailing in the region are kaccha kothi, pakka kothi, gunny bags metal bins and open floor. The type of structure is related with the type of grain and purpose of storage.farmer produces the food grain and keeps it in the storage structure for various purposes.

5. Majority of the farmers store the grains for food consumption as well as seed purposes, only few farmers stored the grain for getting high prices. Farmers of Chhattisgarh construct their houses by adopting a particular type of architechary.

6. Among the various component of house, storage structure is one of the most important parts. They construct their storage structure as per the availability of material, soil type, climate, land holding and purpose of storage.

7. Location of storage structure in the house is very important it varies from place to place. In some area it is situated near the kitchens, where the smoke passes regularly.

8. In most areas safety of the grain from pest and theft is always considered while deciding the storage structure. Sun drying of food grain is one of the most important practices recommended as precaution for safe

05
Aug

Package of practices for Variety “ Karma Mahsuri”

Field Preperation : field should be prepared twice or thrice by ploughing and cross ploughing followed by proper puddling is essential so that weeds may be buried in the field. Nursery Management and transplanting: The rice variety tested under transplanting condition. The nursery has to be prepared following the standard methods. The seed rate of 35 kg ha-1 found to be sufficient for planting one hectare of area after planning seeds in nursery. The seeds should be covered from a thin layer of FYM, which will be helpfect for the proper removal of nursery before transplanting. 1. Field is prepared well by ploughing followed by puddling. 2. 10 t/ha FYM may be incorporated in the soil to obtained high yield potential. 3. 18 – 22 day old seedlings to be transplanted in 20 X 10 cms using 1-2 plants /hill. 4. The depth of planting should not exceed more than 2-3 cm. 5. The planting should be done between second to fourth weak of july to obtain the potential yield from the variety. Weed Management: The herbicide may be used to avoid initial weed crop compettion. For this purpose, 1.50 Kg a. i/ha Butachlore or 1.00 kg a. i/ha Pendamethaline should be applied as pre emergence (3-5 day after transplanting) in moist field condition. One mechanical or hand weeding may be performed at 25-30 days after sowing. Fertilizer: 100-120 Kg N/ha; 60 Kg P2O5/ha; 40 kg K2O/ha Time of fertilizer application: The whole quantity of phosphorous and potash and 50% Nitrogen should be applied as basal dressing in heavy soil. The remaining N should be top dressed in two equal splits at active tillering and PI stage of the crop. The basal applied fertilizer may properly be incorporated in the soil; otherwise applied N may be lossed through various means. Under light soils only 30 % N may be applied before transplanting and properly incorporated in the puddle field. The 40% of N needs to be applied at active tillering stage while remaining quantity of 30% may be applied at
05
Aug

Safe storage of food grains in Chhattisgarh

Cereals are stored for seed purpose at least up to one year. Cereals are stored in some typical storage structures . Grain moths of stored cereal are considered as the major insect pest.

a. Types of traditional storage structure Cereals are mostly stored in some traditional structure made from the locally available materials are:-

1. Kaccha Kothi made from the mud used for storing paddy.

2. Dhusie made from paddy straw used for storing paddy.

3. Dholangi made from bamboo used for storing paddy.

b. Treatments applied in paddy storage structures After storing the paddy grains in traditional storage structure some extra efforts are made to protect the grains are:-

1. Grain covered with paddy straw then pasting with mud and coating with cow dung.

2. Grain is covered with palash leaf then mud pasting .

3. Grain is covered with paddy straw then mud pasting then coating with cow dung mixed with salt 50% or insecticide. Cow dung ash is spreaded over the storage structure.

4. Earthen pot filled with water kept over the storage structure to attract the grain moth.

5. Keeping the Mokhala Kanta with paddy grain 6. Sun drying of food grains before storage.

05
Aug

Nutrient management in transplanting system of rice cultivation

1. Nitrogen levels: 100-120 kg N/ha: 50-60 Kg P/ha: 40-50 Kg K/ha.

2. Application of urea in four splits i.e., 10:30:30:30 or 20:30:20:30 as basal, at tillering, PI and preflowering stage, respectively increased the grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency in medium duration varieties grown in matasi (Sandy loam) soil.

3. The use of soil treated (conditioned) urea @ 1:3 applied 30% at planting, 40% tillering and 30% at PI was found comparable to USG and SCU in Dorsa soil (clay-loan) for medium duration rice varieties.

4. In heavy soil, apply N 50% basal, 25% at tillering and 25% at PI stage of the crop.

5. All P and K should be applied as basal dressing. The K may be also applied in the ratio of 60:40 as basal and at PI stage of rice.

6. FYM or compost @ 8-10 t/ha should be applied 10-12 days before seeding or the green manure crop of 30-35 days should be incorporated in field before field preparation for transplanting.

05
Aug

Nutrient Management in Biasi (Beushning) system of rice cultivation

1. Apply 100-120 Kg N: 50-60 Kg P: 40-50 Kg K /ha to high yielding varieties.

2. In medium to heavy soil, N should be applied in three splits in the ratio of 30:40:30 or 25:50:25 at biasi, maximum tillering and PI stage (where herbicide is not used).

3. In light soils, N should be applied in four splits in the ratio of 10:40:40:10 as basal, at biasi, PI stage and pre flowering stages, respectively (where herbicide is not used).

4. Where pre-emergence application of herbicides have been use apply N in 4 splits in the ratio of 15-25, 30-40, 25-30 and 25-30 as basal, initial tillering, maximum tillering and PI stages.

5. Whole amount of P and K should be applied as basal dressing.

6. FYM or compost @ 8-10 t/ha should be applied 10-12 days before seeding.

05
Aug

Nutrient management in line sowing method of rice cultivation

1. Level: Early variety – 60-90 kg N/ha: 40-50 Kg P/ha: 30-40 Kg K/ha. Medium vareity - 100-120 kg N/ha: 50-60 Kg P/ha: 40-50 Kg K/ha 2. Apply N 20% in light soil and 30% in heavy soils as basal drilled along or by the side of the seed followed by 40% at tillering and 40% at PI stage for higher yields. 3. In light soils and in medium and late duration varieties splits application of nitrogen in the ratio of 20:30:25:25 as basal, active tillering, maximum tillering and PI or pre flowering stage proved more effective. 4. In heavy soil (Irrigated condition), apply N 50% basal, 25% at tillering and 25% at PI stage of the crop. 5. FYM compost: All P and K should be applied as basal dressing. The K may be applied in the ratio of 60:40 as basal and at PI stage of rice.
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