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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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Wooden hammer (Muthla)


1. Wooden made hammer just like iron hammer, but longer in size, having with 3-3.5 fit wooden handle, lower wooden log is of 2-2.5 kg.

2. After ploughing villagers use it for breaking big clods on field.


Hullers / Rice mills

1. Cleaned paddy on an average yields 72 percent rice, 22 percent husk and 6 percent bran.

2. The traditional hand pounding or foot pounding (Dhenki) has now become noncompetitive. The rice hullers, shellers and modern rice mills have gained popularity.

3. Hullers seldom give about 65 percent total yields with 20-30 percent broken besides, it does not give completely cleaned rice.

4. The most modern rice mills (single Pass) are available in 2-4 tons per hour capacity. The mini modern rice mills are available with capacity of 150-550 kg per hour and yields higher recovery.

5. The modern rice mills give yield recovery of 70 percent with a grain breakage of 10 percent only.


Winnowing fans

1. The hand operated and power operated winnowing fans are commercially available.

2. The paddy threshed by manual beating or by pedal operated paddy thresher is cleaned by using these fans.

3. These winnowing fans consist of frame either made up of wood, angle iron, welded steel or combination of the two along with driving mechanisms namely, sprocket and chain, belt and pulleys and single or double reduction gears.

Traditional winnowing fan:

4. Base of fan is of wooden frame like iron winnowing fan and blades are made of iron sheet with curve in ride of blades. It is for winnowing purpose in remote farmers.


Threshing Roller


1. The Special quality of mahua (Madhuca indica) wood tends to use it intensively for this purpose.

2. It is two side axel rollers, which is fitted in grooves of plank connecting the bullocks.

3. Mahua is heavy in weight and also available near village.

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