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Package of Practices
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Nursery raising

1. Wet bed method:

Wet nurseries are preffered under irrigated conditions.

The soil is puddle by two to three runs of puddler or three to four ploughings with local plough. After one or two days of puddling, divide the nursery areas in to narrow beds of 1.25 m width and of any convient length depending upon the slope.

Construct drainage chhanels 30 cm wide in between the seed beds. Apply 225 g ammonium sulphate and 500g ssp per 100 square meter.

Uniformly broadcast about two to three handful of seed on a square meter of seed bed. Keep the seed bed saturated with water for first five days and then increase gradually the level of water up to 5 cm. drain the excess water in periods of heavy rains during the first week of sowing.seedling were ready for transplanting at an age of 20-25 days.

2. Dry bed method:

This method is practiced in areas where water is not sufficient to grow seedlings in wet nurseries. Plough the field three to four times till the soil thoroughly pulverized.

Prepare bed of 15 cm high width channel (30 cm wide) between them.sow seed in rows 10cm apart i8n dry or moist condition of soil. Sown seed is immediately covered with soil.

Allow water to run in channels first and then raise the level of water slowly to saturate the soil of beds. Keep seed bed saturated with water although. Maintain a thin film of water if possible after 5 days of sowing.


Utera system of Cultivation

Under the rice-utera(paira) cropping system, rice linseed, rice alone, rice lentil and rice chickpea.

In deep water areas, rich fish farming has also been evaluated at several places in the region. Rice-lathyrus and rice linseed is common.

Rice-wheat system:  This cropping system is predominant in large areas under rainfed shallow lowland.

Rice-lentil system

Rice-chickpea system:  The cropping pattern appears to be feasible in the drought prone areas where more than 95% of the area is monocropped with rice.

Rice-rice system A considerable number of rainfed lowland and deep water farmers practice this cropping system by by accumulated surface water.

Integrated fish farming culture:

 Integrated rice fish culture is a farming system, where both rice and fish are raised simultaneously in the same field to increase farm income.


Rice based ecosystem in the Chhattisgarh state

1. Rice based ecosystem in the Chhattisgarh state are two rainfed and irrigated.

Rainfed :

a. Upland – light and heavy

b. Lowland – favorable and fragiable

c. Submergence – short duration and long duration


a. monocropped

b. double cropped

c. multicropped


Rice based cropping pattern

The crop and cropping intensity of Chhattisgarh is depend on soil types and its moisture retention capacity of soils in rainfed farming and follow suitable cropping system in irrigated areas. Based on crop area, the major cropping pattern in three agro-climatic zones of Chhattisgarh is as follows. Chhattisgarh Plain Zones Rice- Fallow Rice- Utera (lathyrus/ linseed) Rice- Linseed / chickpea/ lentil/ wheat/ mustard/ safflower Rice- Rice Bastar Plateau zone Rice- fallow Rice- Fallow/ chickpea/ linseed/ vegetables Rice – chickpea/ linseed/ vegetables Northern hills zone Rice- fallow Rice – Wheat/ pea (small seeded batari)/ vegetable/ chickpea/linseed

Rice growing soils of Chhattisgarh state

Variations in most soil properties in the state are closely related to their position on the landscape. the brief characteristics of soil of three agro-climatic zones are given below,

Chhattisgarh Plains :

Moving down the slope, there is an increase in soil depth, water holding capacity, cation exchange capacity and preponderance of calcium and magnecium ions. The soil so developed have been classified in to four soil orders that widely differ in their production potential and physical characteristics. They are locally called, bhata (Entisols), matasi (Inceptisols), dorsa (alfisols) and kanhar (vertisols).

Bastar Plateau:

In bastar plateau the land is undulating and hence the soil vary considerably from top of the hillock to the valley. The soil type in bastar district vary from Marhan (Entisols) to Gabhar (Vertisols). Gabhar is the valley portion of the undulating terrain. In between these two Tikra (Inceptisols) and Mal (Alfisols) soil exist.

Northern Hills :

The most common soils are described locally on account of their occurrence, management and physical properties. These are: Eroded hilly soils which are covered mostly by forest, Goda/tikra (light soils), Goda chawar (Medium), chawar and Bahra soils. Chawar soils are found in low land bunded fields where rice is grown. In bahra soils (extreme lowlands) water flows continuously till January.


Rice growing season of state Chhattisgarh

 Seasonal name : Kharif                                                 

Local name:  kharif                         

Sowing time: June- July

Harvesting time : Oct-Nov


Seasonal name:  Rabi/summer

Local name:  Rabi/summer

Sowing time: Nov. - feb

Harvesting time : April-May



SHYAMLA (IET 12561, R 259-WR 37-2)

1. Parentage- R 60-2713 x R 238-6 2. Maturity - 130-135 days 3. Grain Type - Long slender grains 4. Biotic stress - This variety showed much better than higher reaction to other purple leaf varieties (Cross 51 and Nagkesar) for major pest and diseases. 5. Abiotic stress - Better tolerance to drought than other purple leaf varieties. 6. Recommended regions/ areas - Recommended for all growing areas of the state where wild rice is a problem. This variety has also recommend to over come the wild rice's problem which is most severe in tract considered to be secondary center of origin of the rice crop including part of Chhattisgarh, M.P., Orissa, Maharashtra and Bihar. 7. Areas of Adoption - Particularly recommended for cultivation of wild rice infested fields of chhattisgarh plains. In Baster and Surguja regions biasi or line sowing system adopted under irrigated and rainfed lowland ecosystems. 8. Special attributes - 1. This variety help in identification of wild rice plants in early crop growth stage in nursery and field. 2. This variety having long slender grain with good head rice recovery percentage. 9. Average yield - 35-40 q/ha 10. Developed by - P.S. Shrivastava, R. D. Tiwari, M. N. Shrivastava, B. P. Chaudhri, R. K. Sahu, V. N. Sahu, A.K. Sarawgi, D. K. Sharma, K. C. Agrawal, B. C. Shukla

Samleshwari (R 1027-2282-2-1, IET 17455, IC 549668)

1. Parentage - R 310-37 x R 308-6 2. Maturity - 120-125 days 3. Grain Type - Medium slender grains 4. Biotic stress - R to GM 1 & 4, moderately resistance to Blast and tolerant to Brown spot and Neck blast. 5. Abiotic stress - The proposed strain has tolerance to drought. The strain was evaluated for its performance under water stress to irrigated situation and rainfed situation. Comparatively less yield reduction as compare with IR-64, Mahamaya and Swarna in both the situations. 6. Recommended regions/ areas - Recommended for direct seeding in rainfed uplands and in rainfed bunded ‘Matasi’ soils of Chhattisgarh plains and in transplanted irrigated situation provided transplanting can be done with 21 to 25 days old seedlings. 7. Special attributes - High amylose, medium gel consistency, high head rice recovery and desirable alkali value. 8. Average yield - 30 to 35 q/ha. 9. Developed by - A. K. Sarawgi, N.K. Motiramani,Deepak Sharma, R.L Pandey, N. Pandey, V.S. Trimurty, R.B. S. Senger, S. B. Verulkar, D.K. Rana, Ravindra Verma, Rita Bisne

Poornima (R 281-31-1, IET 12284)

1. Parentage- Poorva x IR 8608-298 2. Maturity - 100-105 days 3. Grain Type - Long Slender 4. Biotic stress - Being an early duration variety, it escapes the most of the diseases and pests under field conditions. 5. Abiotic stress- It has a good escape as well as tolerance capacity to moisture stress, being a descent of highly drought resistant old variety cross. 6. Recommended regions/ areas - Chhattisgarh plain region including Raipur, Bilaspur, Rajenandgaon and Durg districts. 7. Special attributes - Long slender, translucent endosperm with good head rice recovery and eating quality. 8. Average yield - 30-35 q/ha 9. Developed by - M. N. Shrivastava, P. S. Shrivastava, R.K. Sahu, A. K. Sarawgi, B. P. Chaudhari, K. C. Agrawal, V.N. Sahu, D. J. Pophaly, N. K. Motiramani, L.K. Mishra.

MAHESHWARI (R 1244-1246-1-605-1, IET 19796)

1. Parentage - Mahamaya x Abhaya 2. Maturity - 130-135 days 3. Grain Type - Long slender grain 4. Biotic stress - Resistance to Leaf Blast and Gall-midge Moderately resistant/tolerant to Sheath blight, RTV, BPH and Stem borer. 5. Abiotic Stress - This variety has better tolerance to drought at Physiological level. 6. Recommended regions/ areas - Recommended by Zonal Research and Extension Advisory Committee for irrigated condition on all soils and ''Dorsa'' and 'Kanhar' soils under rainfed situation of the state. 7. Areas of Adoption - Irrigated and Rainfed ecology of Chhattisgarh. 8. Special attributes - The Variety Maheshwari possesses long Slender grain, better head Rice Recovery (52.2%), intermediate Amylose content (24.1%). Its cooks better as its Gel consistency is medium (59 mm) and intermediate alkali spreading value (4.6) with export quality 9. Average yield - 50-55 q/ha 10. Developed by - Drs. A. K. Sarawgi, Ravindra Kumar Verma, Deepak Sharma, S. B. Verulkar, V. S. Trimurty, Sanjay Sharma, N. Pandey, R. S. Netam and Sandeep Bhandarkar.
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