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Package of Practices
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Improved storage structures

1. Improved bins: Different organisations developed and designed improved storage structures for scientific storage of foodgrains, which are moisture resistant and rodent-proof.

2. Brick-build godowns: These are made by brick-walls with cemented flooring for storing paddy/rice in bulk and bags.

3. Cement plastered bamboo bin: This bin developed by Post Harvest Technology Centre, Kharagpur, in which bamboo strips are used to form the skeleton of the bin and cement-sand mortar (1:2.5 ratio) is plastered on outer and inner surface of the bin.

4. CAP (Cover and plinth) storage: It is an economical way of storage on a large scale. The plinth is made by cement concrete and bags are staked on open and covered by polythene cover.

5. Silos: Silos are used for storage of foodgrains. These are made from concrete, bricks and metallic materials with loading and unloading equipment.


Grain Storage System in Chhattisgarh


1. Food grain produce is kept reserve for off season food purpose and seed purpose. The major grain stored in this region is paddy, which is kept in different type of storage structures.

2. The different types of structures are depending on the climatic condition and availability of materials used for making the structures. The type of storage structure varies according to the purpose of storage like major storage pest infesting the grains are as follows- seed, food and sale of grains.

3. The farmer of Chhattisgarh consider grain moth as major pest of cereals and rats as the most serious pest for all kind of grains stored. The major food grain, which is stored in the storage structure by farmer is paddy whereas other grains like oilseed and pulses are kept in gunny bags.

4. The major storage structure prevailing in the region are kaccha kothi, pakka kothi, gunny bags metal bins and open floor. The type of structure is related with the type of grain and purpose of storage.farmer produces the food grain and keeps it in the storage structure for various purposes.

5. Majority of the farmers store the grains for food consumption as well as seed purposes, only few farmers stored the grain for getting high prices. Farmers of Chhattisgarh construct their houses by adopting a particular type of architechary.

6. Among the various component of house, storage structure is one of the most important parts. They construct their storage structure as per the availability of material, soil type, climate, land holding and purpose of storage.

7. Location of storage structure in the house is very important it varies from place to place. In some area it is situated near the kitchens, where the smoke passes regularly.

8. In most areas safety of the grain from pest and theft is always considered while deciding the storage structure. Sun drying of food grain is one of the most important practices recommended as precaution for safe


Safe storage of food grains in Chhattisgarh

Cereals are stored for seed purpose at least up to one year. Cereals are stored in some typical storage structures . Grain moths of stored cereal are considered as the major insect pest.

a. Types of traditional storage structure Cereals are mostly stored in some traditional structure made from the locally available materials are:-

1. Kaccha Kothi made from the mud used for storing paddy.

2. Dhusie made from paddy straw used for storing paddy.

3. Dholangi made from bamboo used for storing paddy.

b. Treatments applied in paddy storage structures After storing the paddy grains in traditional storage structure some extra efforts are made to protect the grains are:-

1. Grain covered with paddy straw then pasting with mud and coating with cow dung.

2. Grain is covered with palash leaf then mud pasting .

3. Grain is covered with paddy straw then mud pasting then coating with cow dung mixed with salt 50% or insecticide. Cow dung ash is spreaded over the storage structure.

4. Earthen pot filled with water kept over the storage structure to attract the grain moth.

5. Keeping the Mokhala Kanta with paddy grain 6. Sun drying of food grains before storage.

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