|Package of Practices
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1. Funded Centres: Kaul.
2. Voluntary Centres: Uchani; CSSRI, Karnal.
1. Basmati rices (Pulao) are cooked in special occasions like festivals and marriages etc;
2. Preparation of Khichdi, Kheer (Non basmati)
3. Husk used in poultry farms as flooring and straw for animals
Pests; Leaf folder, Whitebacked planthopper, Stem borer
Diseases: Bacterial leaf blight, Blast, False smut, Stem rot, Bakanae, Sheath rot and Sheath blight;
2. Abiotic: Saline and alkaline soils; Districts of Jind, Hisar, Sonepat, Rohtak, Panipat, Jhajjar & Kaithal ; Zinc deficiency; Drought; Experienced in case of low rainfall in kharif season
Others; Depletion of ground water level and deteriorating soil health due to rice-wheat crop rotation.
1. Popular varieties: HKR 47, PR 114, PR 116, HKR 126, HKR 120, IR 64, Sharbati
2. Popular hybrids: PHB 71 and Haryana Sankar Dhan 1 occupied 1.46 lakh ha during 2007-08.
3. Popular Basmati varieties: During 2007-08, Pusa Basmati 1121 (2 lakhs ha), Pusa Basmati 1 / Muchhal (1 lakh ha), CSR30 (Yamini) (0.5 lakh ha) Pusa Basmati 1 (0.2 lakh ha), Shabnam (0.2 lakh ha) and other basmati varieties (0.6 lakh ha) were the major varities cultivated in the state.
1. Positive growth rates are witnessed for production and yield in Haryana and in the districts of Sirsa, Ambala and Yamuna Nagar for area, production and yield; in Hissar, Rohtak, Gurgaon, Karnal, for yield; in Sonepat, Panipat, Kaithal, Kurushetra, Jind, Fatehbad and Jhajjar for production and yield; in Panchkula for area and produc¬tion.
2. There was no area under hybrid rice during 1995-2000 but during 2000-2007 it is cultivated in about 25% of the total area under rice crop.
3. There is considerable area under export quality basmati rice cultivation in the state.
4. The area has gone up by 4 times from 1,87,000 ha in 1990-91 to 7,98,000 ha in 2008-09 which is 66% of the total rice area in the state based on the crop cutting data from the Haryana government website.
5. Basmati rice growing districts are Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat and Yamunanagar.
1. Rice is cultivated in kharif season under irrigated situation only.
2. The dakar lands are low lying and heavy in texture whereas dabar lands are uplands and light to medium in texture.
3. Haryana is one of the high productive states of the country. The rice productivity of the state is 3.2 t/ha during the year 2006-07.
4. The state had witnessed a productivity as high as 2.6 t/ha in early 80's.
5. The area under rice has increased over a period of four decades (1966-67 to 2006-07) and stabilized at around 1.04 million hectare.
1. Rice is grown only in kharif under irrigated system followed by Wheat in rabi.
2. Rice is the minor crop occupying 14.5% of total kharif area in 1965-66 which rose to 57.31% in 2001-02.
3. Major rice based cropping patterns are Rice-Wheat, Rice-Potato and Rice-Barseem.
1. Of the total geographical area of 4.42 m ha, cultivated area is under 80% while the irrigated area is under 84%.
2. The predominant crops are rice, wheat, cotton, pearl millet. The cropping intensity is 181%. The total foodgrain production is 13.1 million tonnes.
3. Rice is grown in 1.04 m ha and the state recorded high productivity of over 3.0 t/ha since 2005.
1. Haryana is one of the agriculturally rich states of India. It is located between 27o39' to 30o55' north latitudes and 74o27' 8" to 77o36'5" east longitudes.
2. The climate of state is subtropical, semi-arid to sub-humid continental and monsoonic type. The climate is very hot in summer and predominantly cold in winter.
3. The mean temperature is 31-320 C during kharif season and 11-160 C during rabi. The annual rainfall of the state is 650 mm.
4. The mean relative humidity is 75% during kharif and 60% in rabi. The soil is alluvial, sandy to sandy loam and in some parts clay.
5. Agricultural area is classified into 3 zones viz., (1) Dry sub-humid (2) semi-arid and (3) arid.
Date of formation: 1st Nov 1966
No. of districts: 20
Area: 44,212 sq km
Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 38,832