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Agro climatic zones of Jharkhand

The state has been divided into 3 agro-climatic sub zones viz., Central and North eastern plateau sub zone, Western plateau sub zone and South eastern plateau sub zone. The soils are laterite, red-yellow loams, red sandy / gravelly type.

Geography, Climate of Jharkhand

1. Jharkhand is a newly formed state of the country and is situated between 21o58' and 25o30' N latitude and 83o22' and 88o40' E longitude. 2. The climate is warm and sub-humid with an average annual rainfall of 1372 mm.


1. Date of formation: 15th Nov 2000. 2. No. of districts: 24 3. Area: 79,714 sq km 4. Villages: 29,354 5. Capital: Ranchi 6. Towns: 152 7. Population: 26,909,428 8. Per capita income at current prices (2005-2006): Rs 19,066

Production technology for Transplanted Rice Cultivation


Varieties suitable for Transplanted Rice Cultivation.

1. Early (100-115 days): Anjali, Birsa Vikash Dhan 110 and Sahbhagi.

2. Medium (120-135days): Abhishek, Naveen, Lalat, IR 36 and IR 64.

3. Late (140 days): Swarna (MTU 7029), Rajshri, Sambha Mahsoori (BPT 5204) and Birsamati.

1 June


Production technology for Summer-Rice Cultivation (Garma Dhan)


Around 10,000 hectare lands near Baharagora and Getalsood dam of Jharkhand state are cultivated as summer-rice (garma dhan). Sowing should be done after 15th January when temperature is reducing.

Seed should be soaked in warm water for 24 hours, after that covers with wet jute bags.

Germinated seeds should be sown in puddled land. Covers with white plastic shee


Production technology for Rice Cultivation by SRI Method in Jharkhand


Variety : Any improved or hybrid variety.

Seed Rate : 5 kg/ha.

Nursery : Broadcasting 20 gm germinated seeds / m2 (Toatl 250 m2 area).

Transplanting : 8 or 12 days plant with soil from nursery in space of 25 X 25 cm (one plant per hill).

Mannure : 10 tons FYM / Compost or 5 q/ha Neem Cake before 15 days before sowing.

Fertilizer : 120:60:40 kg NPK / ha (dwarf variety) and 150:75:90 kg NPK / ha (hybrid variety).

Full doses of Phosphorus and Pot


Production technology for Hybrid Rice Cultivation in Jharkhand


Variety : Proagro or Arise 6444, Arise 6201.

Date of Sowing : 1 June - 20 June.

Seed Rate : 15 kg/ha.

Mannure : 5 - 10 tons FYM / Compost or 5 q/ha Neem Cake before 15 15 days before sowing.

Fertilizer : 150:75:90 kg NPK / ha. Full dose of Phosphorus and 60 kg Potash (DAP and MOP) and ¼ Nitrogen at the time of transplanting.



Production technology for Aromatic Rice Cultivation


Variety: BR 10 and Birsamati.

Date of Sowing : 1 June - 25 June.

Fertilizer: 60:40:40 kg NPK / ha (BR 10) and 120:60:40 kg/ha (Birsamati).

Apply full dose of Phosphorus and Potash after puddling.

Apply ½ dose of Nitrogen at the time of transplanting and remaining doses as topdressing at 2 time, 3 and 6 weeks after transplanting.



Variety: Birsa Dhan 108, Birsa Vikash Dhan 109 and Vandana.

Date of Sowing: 15 - 30 June. Seed Rate: 100 kg/ha (forbroadcasting) and 80 kg/ha (for in line behind plough furrow. ).

Mannure: 5 tons FYM / Compost or 5 q/ha Neem Cake before 15 days before sowing.

Fertilizer: 40:20:20 kg NPK / ha. Apply 20 kg Phosphorus (125 kg SSP or 50 kg TSP) and 20 kg Potash (


Perennial sedges - Cyperus rotundus L. (Purple nut sedge)


Family: Cyperaceae Description: One of the worlds worst weed, Height -15-60 cm. - The plant is swollen and thickened at the base. It has triangular smooth scape, 10 to 60 cm in height, arising from the centre of a basal cluster of narrow grass like leaves of 30-50 cm long and 8 mm wide. - The leaves are smooth shiny, dark green and grooved on the upper surface.
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