1. Year of notification - 2002
2. Duration - 95
3. Eco-System - Rainfed Upland direct Seeded
4. Special features - Moderately tolerant to drought
1. Improved bins: Different organisations developed and designed improved storage structures for scientific storage of foodgrains, which are moisture resistant and rodent-proof. These are: Pusa Kothi , Nanda bins, PKV bins , PAU bins, Hapur Kothi , Chittore stone bins etc.
2. Brick-build godowns: These are made by brick-walls with cemented flooring for storing paddy/rice in bulk
Improved storage structures are
1. Improved bins
2. Brick-build godowns
3. Cement plastered bamboo bin
4. CAP (Cover and plinth) storage
1. Mud-bin: Made by bricks and mud or by straw and cow dung. These are usually cylindrical in shape with varying capacity.
2. Bamboo reed bin: Made by bamboo splits plastered with mixture of mud and cow dung.
3. Thekka: These are made up of gunny or cotton cloth wound around wooden support and generally in rectangular shape.
4. Metal drums: Made up with iron sheets in cylin
Traditional storage structures are
2. Bamboo reed bin
4. Metal drums
5. Gunny bags
Paddy, as well as rice are stored to maintain the supplies between two harvests. Storage provides protection against weather, moisture, insects, micro-organisms, rats, birds and any type of infestation and contamination. In Jharkhand, paddy/rice is stored in two types of storage structures.
1. Traditional storage structures.
2. Improved storage structures.
Soil content of Jharkhand state mainly consist of soil formed from disintegration of is further divided into rocks and stones, and soil composition.
1. Red soils are found mostly in the Damodar valley and Rajmahal area,
2. Micacious soil found in Koderma, Jhumeritilaiya, Barkagaon, and areas around the Mandar hill.
3. Sandy soil are generally found in Hazaribagh and Dhanbad while
4. Black soil found in Rajmahal area and the
5. Laterite soil found in western part of Ranchi, Palamu, and
The major area of the state covered with sandy loam to loam with acidic soils (pH 4.5–6.5) and having low fertility. About 66% area of soils are low in available phosphorous content, 18% soils low in K content, 38% soils low in S, 7% soils are deficient in available Zn, 4 % in available copper while 45 % soils are deficient in available boron in the state. More than 70% of soils are deficit in organic carbon and micronutrients Majority of soils of the state have medium status of availab
1. Boro refers to rice grown in submerged land lower in elevation, grown during January- February to April- May, also called summer rice/ garmadhan.
2. Area under summer rice is 4.4 % and early maturing varieties are mostly grown in this region.
1. Kharif (Winter rice) sown in June- July and harvested in November- December, Kharif rice called winter rice due to harvesting time in winter.
2. A little over 51% of India’s rice crop is grown in this season and it usually consist of medium and long duration varieties.