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Upland soils of Red Sandy Soils in Karnataka

1. Upland soils of red sandy soils are usually situated on convex ridges with 3-5 per cent gradient or more. The soils are shallow to moderately deep, reddish brown to dark reddish brown, gravelly loamy sand to sandy loam on the surface with sandy loam to gravelly sand clay in the subsurface horizons.

2. They are neutral to slightly acidic in reaction and low in cation exchange capacity, base saturation and water holding capacity but well drained with rapid permeability.

3. Thes


Important non -cash input practices for higher yields in Rice

1. Complete the transplanting of Jaya variety before 20th July.

2. Complete the transplanting of IR -20 before 5th August.

3. Complete the transplanting of Mangala before 7th September.

4. Complete the transplanting of summer paddy before 15th February. 5. Avoid seedlings of more than 25 days for transplanting.

6. Do not transplant more than 5 cm depth.

7. Apply farmyard manure or compost or green leaf manure 3 weeks before transplanting. 8. Maintain a plant po


Harvesting of Rice Crop


1. Harvest the crop when more than 90% of the panicles have turned to a hard dough stage.

2. Thresh paddy immediately after the harvest.

3. While drying, paddy should not be dried continuously for more than 4-6 hours at a time, in order to avoid cracking and to minimize breakage in milling.

4. In case of transplanted crop an yield of 55-60 quintals per hectare ca


Weed control


1. Spray 2, 4-D sodium salt 80 W.P. @ 2.5kg per /ha in 750 liters of water, 3-4 weeks after transplanting. Dicot weeds and some annual grasses and sedges to some extent are controlled. Avoid spray drift reaching to other susceptible crops such as cotton, grapes, peas, beans, potato and other cucurbits in the vicinity. Or 2. Broadcast 12kg Butachlor 5% granules in standing

Irrigation and Interculture


1. Limit the level of water in the plots to 2.5 cm during the first 10 days and increase the water level to 5.0 cm during the rest of the growing period and reduce the water level from 5cm to 10 days before harvesting.

2. Tillering to panicle initiation is the important critical stage of crop growth.

3. Where water is a limiting factor,

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