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Alluvial soils of Maharashtra


1. Alluvial soils are of two types,

a) alluviums along the main rivers like Tapi, Godavari, Bhima, Krishna, etc.

b) coastal alluviums as noticed on the coastal side of Thane and Raigad districts.

2. The former are more clayey and the latter more silty and sandy in nature. Both types of soils are very fertile.


Lateritic soils of Maharashtra


1. The Deccan trap has given rise to laterites and lateritic soils in the southern part of Raigad, most of Rathagiri, western part of Satara, Sangli, Nashik and Kolhapur districts.

2. Because of alkaline reaction of the percolating water, the silica from the original rock disintegrates leaving a residue of sesqui-oxides in the rock as well as in the soil. It has


Red soils of maharashtra


1. In western Maharashtra, these soils are observed in the western portion of Pune district and also in Thane and Raigad districts.

2. These soils are formed from mixed parent material such as granite, gneiss, schist, trap, etc. On hills slopes, the soils are coarse, sandy in nature while in valleys they are clay loams.

3. The soils of the hill slopes may be only


Black soils of maharashtra


1. These soils covering the maximum area in the Maharashtra. They are derived from Deccan trap and are found in all districts except Ratnagiri district and parts of Chandrapur district.

2. These soils have high potash content, fair to less than fair phosphates and a low nitrogen and organic matter content.

3. There clay content varies from 30-60 per c


Rice Growing Soils of Maharashtra

Rice soils of Maharashtra are

1. Black soils .

2. Red soils .

3). Lateritic soils.

4). Alluvial soils .

5). Forest and hill soils.

6). Saline alkali soils.

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