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24
Jun

Storage and Post Harvest Technology in Rice

1.    Paddy grain is stored with fresh leaves of Margosa (Azadirachta indica) to control insect attacks in Tamil Nadu. Reported by  Pereira and Sugathadasea(2003)
2.    Some farmers mix cinnamon leaves and wood ash with paddy and store the grain in bags. This practice is prevalent in Tamil Nadu. Reported by  Pereira and Sugathadasea(2003)
3.    Cleaning of threshed paddy is done by using a winnowing basket ‘kula’. Th

24
Jun

Indigenous Rice Disease Management

1.    For controlling bacterial leaf blight (BLB) in rice , farmers make a slurry of 20 kg cow dung in 200 liters of water and filter it through a gunny bag. They further dilute the filtrate with 50 liters of water and allow it to stand. The filtered water is then decanted, strained and sprayed on healthy plants to check the spread of disease in Uttar Pradesh. Reported by    Rath(1992)
2.    Banki disease of paddy is common   in Okha

24
Jun

Indigenous method of Rodent Management in Rice


1.    In rice fields, nearer to the bunds big mud pots are immersed to half of its height. Half of the mud pots are filled with water and chaffy paddy is put into it. The chaffy paddy  mixed with the water emit a type of smell like the grain storage structure. Attracted by this smell, the rats jump into the pot but can’t come out of it as it is half empty. Farmers then catch the rats and kill them. This practice is prevalent in Kerala. Reported by Abraham(1997)

24
Jun

Indigenous Insect Pest Management in Rice

1.    Clipping off the tip of rice seedlings before transplanting is practiced all over the state of Assam, to ease  transplantation; to facilitate  uniform  growth  and to remove  insect egg masses  and other major  insect pests  present on the leaf tips is an alternative for  chemical pesticides  application. . This has been  practiced since long time by all farmers without any modification. Reported by  J.K. Choudhr

24
Jun

Indigenous Weed Control Methods in Rice

1.    Before sowing, farmers sieve rice seeds in order to separate  the seed of weeds. Since most of the weed seeds are smaller than  rice seeds, they are filtered   out in sieves. This is prevalent in  Arunachal Pradesh. Reported by  Ranjay. K. Singh(2003)
2.    Treatment of paddy seeds in diluted biogas slurry for 12 hours increase resistance  of seedlings  to pests and diseases.  This is practiced in Tamil Nadu

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