|Production Know How
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1. The Rabi season in India starts from November-February to March-June. The rice that is grown during this period is called Rabi rice or Summer Rice.
2. Summer rice is known by different names in different parts of our country. For example: it is also known as 'Boro' in Assam and West Bengal, 'Dalua' in Orissa, 'Dalwa' in Andhra Pradesh, 'Punja' in Kerala and 'Navarai/Sornavari' in Tamil Nadu and 'Garma' in Bihar.
3. The sowing time of summer rice is November to February and harvesting time is March to June. The area under summer rice is only 9% and early maturing varieties are mostly grown in this season.
4. The time gap between the harvest of the kharif rice and the cultivation of the rabi crop depends upon the suitability of the prevailing weather, availability of water, etc.
5. Sowing of Rabi rice has gained momentum in the Southern Peninsula in recent times. As per the reports in 2004, about 35 lakh hectares have been covered against 32 lakh hectares sown last year in the corresponding period.
6. The normal area under Rabi rice is about 42 lakh hectares in 2004. West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh account for two thirds of the area and it is mostly irrigated.
1. In India most of the rice production comes from kharif crops. The rainfed kharif crops are to a great extent depends on South West Monsoon.
2. Kharif or winter is the main rice growing season in the country. It is known as Winter Rice or Kharif Rice as per the harvesting time.
3. The winter crop sowing takes place between June and October and harvesting is between November and April.
4. About 84% of the country's rice crop is grown in this season and generally, medium to long duration varieties are grown in this season. The normal area under kharif rice is about 403 lakh hectares till 2002.
5. Winter rice is known by various names in India. For example: it is known as 'Aman' in West Bengal, 'Sali' in Assam, 'Sarrad' in Orissa, 'Agahani' in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, 'Sarava' in Andhra Pradesh, 'Mundakan' in Kerala and 'Samba/Thaladi/Pishanam' in Tamil Nadu.
6. The Kharif rice crop is sown around the beginning of the Southwest Monsoon and harvested in the autumn months.
1. Generally, the autumn or pre-kharif season lasts from March-May to June-October. The rice that is grown in autumn is called autumn rice or pre-kharif rice. About 7% crop is grown in this season.
2. The varieties grown during this season are mostly of short duration ranging from 90 to 110 days.
3. Autumn Rice or Pre-Kharif rice is sown during May to August. However, the time of sowing slightly differs from state to state according to weather condition and rainfall pattern. Harvesting of rice is done in September-October.
4. Autumn rice crop is known by different names in different parts of India.
5. For example: it is known as 'Aus' in West Bengal, 'Ahu' in Assam, 'Beali' in Orissa, 'Bhadai' in Bihar, 'Virippu' in Kerala and 'Kuruvai/Kar/ March-April Sornavari' in Tamil Nadu.
1) There are three main seasons for growing rice and they are named according to
the seasons of harvest of the crop. Namely
ii. Kharif / Winter
iii. Boro/ Summer