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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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30
Jul

Marsilea quadrifolia L.

Family: Marsileaceae Common name: Pepperwort, Water Shamrock, Water Clover General habit: Aquatic fern bearing 4 parted leaf resembling clover (Trifolium). Stems: From creeping rhizomes, thin green stalks rise to the water surface, each stalk bearing a single shamrock-like leaf with four wedge-shaped leaflets. Leaves: Leaves usually float on or just below the water surface, however in very shallow water (5 cm deep) the stalks often are able emerge 10 cm above the surface. Leaflets 2 cm long, leaf stalk is green; slender and flexible. Roots: It grows from creeping rhizomes anchored in the muddy bottoms of rice fields. Flowers: Sporocarps ellipsoid, dark brown, on stalks to 2 cm long, attached to base of petioles. Location of spores: in hardshelled cases borne near the roots. Propagation: Through spores. Identifying Characteristics: 1. This species have a typical thin green stalks rise to the water surface, each stalk bearing a single 4 parted leaf resembling clover
30
Jul

Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan

Family: Commelinaceae Common name: Naked stem dew flower, Day flower General habit: Annual or perennial slender creeping herb rooting at the nodes. Stems: Unbranched to manybranched. Creeping, ultimate branches ascending. Leaves: Leaf sheaths with long shaggy hairs, sometimes smooth, leaves oblong –lanceolate, acute. Flowers: Inflorescence is axillary or terminal, peduncled, flowers clustered near the ends of few branches. Petals are pinkinsh purple or violet in colour. Seeds are smooth to coarsely reticulate. Propagation: Through seeds. Identifying Characteristics: 1. It may be distinguished by the more or less regular flower and the conspicuously breaded filaments
30
Jul

Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. F.) Presl.

Family: Pontederiaceae Common names: Cordate monochoria, Oval-leaf monochoria, Oval-leaf pondweed, Pickerel weed General habit: Monochoria vaginalis is a smooth, tufted, annual or perennial aquatic herb with a glabrous, shiny appearance. Stems: Stems usually not noticeable, old plants are often forming large clumps, but these are not connected. This weed produces higher fresh weight yield in rice fields than any other weed species. Leaves: Shiny heart shaped leaves, deep green in colour with longitudinal veins. Petioles soft hallow, growing from buds at the base, leaf sheaths twisted together at the base, slightly reddish when young. Crown appears when bulbous. Flowers: Blue flower on the opposite side of the stem from the leaf. Curved stigma. Seeds numerous, longitudinally ribbed. Roots: Aquatic herb with a short rhizome. The plant roots in the mud and its upper portion grows above the water. Roots usually pale purplish blue and spongy. Propagation: Through seeds and some time propagates vegitatively from old root stocks. Identifying Characteristics: 1. Spike like inflorescence which is opposite the floral leaf 2. One stamen with a oblique erect tooth
30
Jul

Abildgaardia ovata (Burm. f.)

Synonym: Fimbristylis ovata (Burm. f.) Family: Cyperaceae General Habit: Perennial sedge. Stems: Triangular or compressed, smooth, slightly compressed above. Leaves: 1/2-2/3 of stem length; basal parts strongly nerved, upper parts widely scarious, mouth concave to lingulate; ligule absent; blades having involute margins, scabrous, apex flat, mucronate. Flowers: Inflorescence having one or two spikes, peduncles 15 mm in length, with tubular prophyll; bracts 8 mm in size. Spike flat or angular, with 10-15 glumes, which distichously or irregularly spirally arranged; Nut are pyriform, subglobose, with a stripe, tuberculate, white or brownish. Roots: Fibrous root system. Propagation: Through seeds.
30
Jul

Cyperus tenuispica Stued

Family: Cyperaceae General Habit: Annual sedge forming small tufts. Stems: Smooth and angular. Leaves: Shorter than stem, soon withering; sheaths green or red, soft, lower blade-less, ligules absent. blades yellowgreen, flat or folded, soft, rather acute, margins and keel smooth, apex barbed. Flowers: Inflorescence a compound anthelodium, bracts few; having about 10 primary branches; secondary anthelodium almost spherical; cluster of spikes at the tip of all of the secondary branches, with 2-10 sessile spikes. Nut is almost spherical to obovoid, obtusely trigonous, white or yellowish, tuberculate. Roots: Fibrous root system. Propagation: Through seeds.
30
Jul

Cyperus pumilus L.

Family: Cyperaceae General Habit: Small, glabrous, tufted annual sedge. Stems: Culms compressed, trigonous growing upto 30 cm in height and glabrous. Leaves: Leaf blades are flat and growing 20 cm in length. Flowers: Inflorescence heads are digitate, having 3-4 leaf like bracts which are flat and horizontally aligned. Spikelets clustered into simple heads or in condensed spikes in umbels of few rays and central sessile clusters. Glumes densely imbricate, navicular, margin hyaline, slightly recurved. Nut light brown, broadly obvoid, slightly compressed and minutely apiculate. Roots: Fibrous root system Propagation: Through seeds
30
Jul

Cyperus javanicus Houtt.

Family: Cyperaceae Common name: Javanese flatsedge, Halaiya General Habit: Perennial, tuberous, stoloniferous sedge Stems: Stout and trigonus. Leaves: Leaves are scabrous on margins and keel. Flowers: Compounded umbel, bracts upto 6, leaf like. Spikelets spreading, brownish, oblong lanceolate or linear lanceolate, acute, concave, ovate, obtuse or acute. Roots: Tuberous and stoloniferous. Propagation: Through seeds.
30
Jul

Cyperus compressus L.

Family: Cyperaceae Common name: Summer sedge, Flat sedge, Chuncha General Habit: Tufted annual sedge. Stems: Culms growing upto 40 cm in height, relatively stout, spreading, trigonous and smooth. Leaves: A few per culm, basal, blades pale green, linear, flat, shorter than the culm, acuminate. Sheaths membranous, pale brown in colour. Flowers: Inflorescence is umbelliform or congested, spreading, slightly compressed, spikes bearing 3- 10 spikelets on an abbreviated axis; bracts are leaf-like, unequal in length, the longest one 2-3 times as long as the inflorescence; spikelets are green in colour, turning pale yellowish brown at maturity. Seeds (achenes) are shiny dark brown in colour. Roots: Fibrous root system. Propagation: Through seeds.
30
Jul

Cyperus compactus Retz

Family: Cyperaceae General Habit: Perennial sedge with short rhizomes. Stems: Culms growing upto 100 cm height, round, slender, somewhat rigid, and light green in color. Leaves: Thickened leaf blade greyish green in colour, 2/3 length of the culm, entire but spinulescent margin at upper portion, sheath is reddish-brown in color. Flowers: Inflorescence is umbellate, rays up to 15 cm long, each bearing a dense spike. Spikelets, flat, composed of 3 - 5 flowers, leaf-like bracts, reddish-brown at base. Roots: Short rhizomes. Propagation: Through rhizomes and seeds.
30
Jul

Schoenoplectus juncoides (Roxb.) Palla

Synonym: Scirpus juncoides Roxb. Family: Cyperaceae Common names: Hard stem bulrush General Habit: Tufted annual sedge without a conspicuous rhizome. Stems: Culms growing upto 70 cm tall, several-angled, light green, dull, clothed at base with few sheaths only. Leaves: The lower sheaths are scale-like, brownish, the upper ones are pale green, obliquely truncate. Flowers: Inflorescence is a pseudolateral head having 2- 9 spikelets; bract are growing upto 15 cm in length, rather suddenly subacute at apex, furrowed on ventral side. Spikelets oblong to ovoid oblong, straw colored, densely many-flowered; glumes oval, thickly membranous, pale and brown-tinged, the apex rounded. Roots: Fibrous root system Propagation: Through seed
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