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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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Mat Nursery in Punjab


1. Mat nursery is used, if the crop is to be transplanted using manual or self propelled paddy transplanter. To plant 1 ha (with 2 seedlings/hill at 20 x 15 cm spacing), use 30-35 kg good quality seeds (i.e., >80% germination and establishment).

2. Good seeds result in more uniform germination, better vigour of plant, less incidence of micro nutrient deficiency and insect-pests, good smothering effect on weeds and ultimately improved yields.

3. Prepare 40-45 m2 nursery for each 1 ha to be planted. Select a levelled area near the house and/or a water source. Spread a plastic sheet or banana leaves on the marked area to prevent roots growing into soil.Mix 70- 80% soil + 15-20% well-decomposed organic manure + 5-10% rice hull or rice hull ash.

4. Incorporate around 20 kg N/ha (1.5 kg powdered diammonium phosphate or 2.0 kg 15-15-15 powdered NPK fertilizer for every 100 m2 of nursery area).

5. Soak the seeds for 8 h for seed treatment. Cover the soaked seeds for 24 hours in wet gunny bags. In this time, the seeds sprout (bud) and the first seed root grows to 2-3 mm length.

6. Place one or more iron frames having compartments of size 40 x20 x2 cm for manually operated transplanter, 45 x21 x2 cm for engine manually operated transplanter and 58 x28 x2 cm for self propelled transplanter over the polyethylene sheets.

7. Number and size of compartments vary according to nursery box of transplanter. Fill the frame almost to the top with the soil mixture.Sow the pre-germinated seeds uniformly and cover them with a thin layer of dry soil. (Approximately 1-2 seed/cm2).

8. Sprinkle water immediately to soak the bed. Remove the frame and continue the process until the required nursery area is completed.

9. Water the nursery as needed to keep the soil moist. Protect the nursery from heavy rains for the first 5 DAS. If the nursery can be flooded then at 7 DAS, maintain a 1-cm water level around the mats. Drain th


Types of nursery grown in the Punjab State


1. To plant 1 ha (with 2 seedlings per hill at 20 cm x 15 cm spacing), use 20 kg good quality seed (with > 80% germination and establishment).

2. Prepare 400 m2of nursery for each 1 ha to be planted. Apply 30-35 t/ha of well-decomposed organic manure and 65 kg urea/ha and 150 kg SSP/ha at the time of last puddling.

3. Plough, puddle and level the field well. After the final pass, allow 1 to 2 days before sowing for the mud to settle and for any water on the soil surface to become clear.

4. For healthy seedling, apply zinc sulphate (heptahydrate) @100 kg/ha or 62 kg/ha zinc sulphate monohydreate/ha at the time of last puddling.

5. The nursery raised with zinc application meets the need of zinc in transplanted crop under medium status of zinc.

6. Seeds should be treated with fungicide to get rid against diseases. For this soak the selected seed (8kg/acre) in 10 L of water containing 5g Emisan 6 and 1g Streptocyclin for 8-10 hours.

7. After this dry the seeds under shade After that soak the seed for 24 h. Drain and incubate (cover and keep moist) for 24 h.

8. It leads to sprouting the seed and the first seed root grows to 2-3 mm long. Sow the pre-germinated seed uniformly on the prepared seedbed. (Approximately 1 seed/cm2).Irrigate the seedbed 2-3 days after sowing or when the soil begins to crack in heavy textured soil.

9. As the seedlings grow, maintain a water level of 2 cm above the soil surface until the seedlings are. removed


Land Preparation

1. Application of FYM helps to save N fertilizers. Green manuring by dhaincha /cowpea/sunhemp especially in loamy sand to sandy loam soils helps in getting higher yields and also ameliorates iron deficiency in rice. 2. A well pudled field should be obtained to reduce water through percolation, to maintain good seedling vigor and to control weeds, Laser land leveller for precision land levelling should be used to enhance on farm water use efficiency and other farm inputs.

General package of practices of rice in Punjab


1. The non basmati cultivars, PR 113, PR 114, and PR 116 are of medium maturity group (140-145 days seed to seed) while PR 111 and PR 120 are mid early varieties (132-138 days).

2. PR 115 matures early (125 days) and PR 118 matures late (155-160 days). These cultivars fit well in rice-wheat rotation, the most predominant cropping system in the Punjab.

3. PR 115 is suitable for multiple cropping systems, where three crops, including one of rice are grown.

4. Optimum time of sowing of medium maturity rice varieties is the second fortnight of May. Early maturing rice cultivars can give optimum yield even under late sowing conditions.

5. One month old nursery is recommended for transplanting. Among the basmati cultivars, Bas. 370 and Bas. 386 should be sown in the second fortnight of June while Super Basmati, Pusa Bas 1, Punjab Bas. 2 and Pb Mehak 1 are recommended for sowing in the first fortnight of June. Seed rate for nursery sowing is 20kg /ha.

6. Thirty three hills per m2 at a spacing of 20x15cm are recommended for transplanting in well puddled fields. Under late sown conditions higher plant population of 44 hills/m2 at a spacing of 15 x 15cm is recommended.

7. Weeds can be controlled effectively by the recommended application of herbicides. Optimum fertilizer doses have been recommended for non-basmati and basmati rice cultivars.

8. Nitrogen fertilizer doses of 120 kg/ha in three splits (1/3 basal, 1/3 at maximum tillering and 1/3 at panicle initiation stage) is recommended for non-basmati cultivars.

9. For tall basmati varieties, 18 kg urea in two splits and for others basmati cultivars; 36kg urea in two splits (three weeks after transplanting and six weeks after transplanting) is recommended.

10. Keeps water standing for 2 weeks after transplanting for better establishment and higher efficacy of applied herbicides in the fields? Thereafter, apply irrigation after 2 days when the ponded water

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