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31
Jul

Post harvest technology of Rice in Punjab

1. About 80 percent of the paddy produced in Punjab is marketed and processed in different types of rice mills. 2. There are about 2200 hullers mostly in rural area, 148 shellers and 43 hullers cum sheller. 3. The major by products of rice milling are two percent germ, five percent bran and 23 percent husk.
31
Jul

Nutrient Management of Rice Crop in Punjab

1. Apply recommended dose of fertilizers (125 kg N + 30 kg P2O5+ 30 kg K2O/ha). Apply 1/3 nitrogen, whole of the phosphorus and potassium before the last puddling.

2. Broadcast the remaining nitrogen in two equal splits, one 3 weeks after transplanting and the other six weeks after transplanting. Skip phosphorus application to rice if recommended dose of phosphorus has been applied to the preceding wheat crop.

3. It is also advisable to drain off water from field before Urea appli

31
Jul

Nutrient Management of Rice Crop in Punjab

1. Apply recommended dose of fertilizers (125 kg N + 30 kg P2O5+ 30 kg K2O/ha). Apply 1/3 nitrogen, whole of the phosphorus and potassium before the last puddling.

2. Broadcast the remaining nitrogen in two equal splits, one 3 weeks after transplanting and the other six weeks after transplanting. Skip phosphorus application to rice if recommended dose of phosphorus has been applied to the preceding wheat crop.

3. It is also advisable to drain off water from field before Urea appli

31
Jul

Mat Nursery in Punjab

 

1. Mat nursery is used, if the crop is to be transplanted using manual or self propelled paddy transplanter. To plant 1 ha (with 2 seedlings/hill at 20 x 15 cm spacing), use 30-35 kg good quality seeds (i.e., >80% germination and establishment).

2. Good seeds result in more uniform germination, better vigour of plant, less incidence of micro nutrient deficiency and ins

31
Jul

Types of nursery grown in the Punjab State

 

1. To plant 1 ha (with 2 seedlings per hill at 20 cm x 15 cm spacing), use 20 kg good quality seed (with > 80% germination and establishment).

2. Prepare 400 m2of nursery for each 1 ha to be planted. Apply 30-35 t/ha of well-decomposed organic manure and 65 kg urea/ha and 150 kg SSP/ha at the time of last puddling.

3. Plough, puddle and level the field well. Afte

31
Jul

Land Preparation

1. Application of FYM helps to save N fertilizers. Green manuring by dhaincha /cowpea/sunhemp especially in loamy sand to sandy loam soils helps in getting higher yields and also ameliorates iron deficiency in rice. 2. A well pudled field should be obtained to reduce water through percolation, to maintain good seedling vigor and to control weeds, Laser land leveller for precision land levelling should be used to enhance on farm water use efficiency and other farm inputs.
31
Jul

Farm Machinery used in Punjab State

 

1. Punjab agriculture is highly mechanised. There are about 4,25,200 tractors in the state. 2. For field preparation dry tillage is done with disc harrow or rotavators. There are 2,24,300 disc harrows and 6720 rotavators in the state. 3. Precision levelling is recommended for efficient water use and is done using laser levellers. Wet tillage is done with power tillers
31
Jul

General package of practices of rice in Punjab

 

1. The non basmati cultivars, PR 113, PR 114, and PR 116 are of medium maturity group (140-145 days seed to seed) while PR 111 and PR 120 are mid early varieties (132-138 days).

2. PR 115 matures early (125 days) and PR 118 matures late (155-160 days). These cultivars fit well in rice-wheat rotation, the most predominant cropping system in the Pu

31
Jul

Rice based farming Systems in Punjab

1. Rice and wheat are the major crops cultivated by the farmers of Punjab.

2. Rice followed by wheat is the main cropping system in the state. More than 60% of the total cultivated area in the state in the kharif season is occupied by rice.

3. Other rice based cropping systems prevalent in the state are:

Rice-fallow ; Rice - Berseem / Linseed / Gram / Barley/ Winter maize

Rice / Basmati Rice-Wheat – Sathi Maize / Summer Moong / Green manuring

Rice-Celery

31
Jul

Rice based farming Systems in Punjab

1. Rice and wheat are the major crops cultivated by the farmers of Punjab.

2. Rice followed by wheat is the main cropping system in the state. More than 60% of the total cultivated area in the state in the kharif season is occupied by rice.

3. Other rice based cropping systems prevalent in the state are:

Rice-fallow ; Rice - Berseem / Linseed / Gram / Barley/ Winter maize

Rice / Basmati Rice-Wheat – Sathi Maize / Summer Moong / Green manuring

Rice-Celery

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