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Contingency Plan for Kerala

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Condition

Suggested Contingency measures


Early season

drought (delayed

onset)


Major Farming situation


Crop/cropping system


Change in crop/cropping system


Agronomic measures


Delay by 4 weeks

(July 1st Week)


Battuvady Series-

Sandy clay loam

soils


Rice-Rice


No change


Direct seeding, Irrigate at 1 to 4 days after

disappearance of stagnant water


 


Low land (< 20M)

Thikkodi series


Rice -fallow-Rice


Prefer short duration

varieties like

Hraswa(KAU)


Make dry nursery of rice, Adopt line sowing of sprouted seedlings soon after monsoon sets in

 


 


Coastal sandy

soils


Rice-Rice


No change


Direct seeding for the first crop


 


 


Rice(Pokkali)


 


Select short duration improved

varieties


 


Low land

(Acid Sulfate

Soil)- Kari


Rice-Rice


Use short duration

varieties and saline

tolerant varieties


Mat nursery and mechanized

Transplanting Spray of B and K increases drought tolerance.

 


 


Laterite soil


Rice Based Cropping

System


No Change prefer short duration

varieties

Suggested sequence- Rice- Rice,

Rice- Rice- Vegetables


Direct seeding of short duration photoinsensitive

varieties instead of photo sensitive long duration

varieties, In transplanting areas more number of seedlings/ hill, closer spacing

 

Foliar spray of 2% DAP + 1% KCl (MOP) during critical stages of flowering and grain formation, 50 % more of recommended K

 

 3% Kaolin spray at critical stages of moisture stress


 


Sandy clay

loam

Clay loam

Sandy loam soils


Rice-Rice

Rice-Vegetables

Rice –Pulse

Rice -Pulse


No Change


Direct seeding for the first crop

Prefer short duration varieties

Prepare mat nursery and adopt community  nursery

Adopt closer spacing and increase the number of seedlings to 3-4   numbers/hill and give additional N @5 kg/ha

Spray of B and K increases drought tolerance

• Apply silica mulching

• organic manuring

• Wet seeding of short duration varieties

• Adopt single crop of long duration variety


 


Pokkali lands


Rice – prawn integrated

farming


No Change


Delaying the sowing to ensure salt removal/ repeat sowing

Synthesized from the website of the Ministry of Agriculture (www.agricoop.nic.in) and CRIDA  

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