Name: Seed Certification
Benefits offered: The Seed production is supervised and the quality seed lots are certified. Certification will be completed in six phases:
1) Receipt and scrutiny of application.
2) Verification of source & other requirements
3) Field Inspections
4) Supervision at post harvest stages.
5) Seed sampling and analysis
6) Issue of certificate
Eligibility: Any person desired to produce certified seed can do so by registering himself with the Departm
Name of Scheme: Training Programme to Farmers in handling and maintenance of Agricultural machinery
Project Area: All districts (Except Chennai)
Details of Works: Refresher training programmes on handling and maintenance of newly developed agricultural machinery to farmers and rural youth are conducted.
Eligibility: All farmers and rural unemployed youth between the age group of 18 to 40
Time-limit for Implementation: Programme will be completed within the financial year.
Name of Scheme: Agricultural Mechanisation Programme
Project Area: All Districts (Except Chennai)
Details of Works: Subsidy assistance is provided to farmers for procuring Agricultural Machinery and implements such as Tractors, Power Tillers, Self propelled Paddy Transplanters, Self propelled paddy reapers, Rotavator, Cultivator, Disc Plough, Chisel Plough etc.,
Benefits offered (Subsidy): 25% of the cost of machinery / implements or the ceiling limit prescribed by Government
The state is divided into 6 Agro Ecological Zones: North eastern zone; North western zones; Western zone; cauvery delta zone; southern zone; high rainfall zone and hilly zone. Soils are rich with laterite, red sandy, deltaic alluvium, coastal alluvium and red loamy.
1. Growth rates (1999-00 to 2005-06] On the overall basis in the state and in as many as nineteen districts area, production and yield showed negative growth.
2. Increase in growth of the area is reported in the districts of Villupuram; area and production in Tiruvannamalai, Sivaganga and Tuticorin; pro¬duction and yield in Ramanathapuram and only yield in Theni.
1. Over a period of four decades from 1966-67 to 2006-07, the productivity increased from 1.5 t/ha to 3.4 t/ha which coincides with a progressive increase in area under HYVs which is almost 100% in 2005-06.
2. Such enhancement in production was achieved eventhough the area under rice cultivation registering 6.6% decrease in kharif and nearly 15% in rabi since 2000.
1. Udu cultivation: Seeds of short duration are mixed with long duration in a proportion of 3:1, sown, planted together but harvested separately to save the crop from floods occurring in October-November.
2. Kaipad system: At the end of north east monsoon during October-November, water is let inside the plots, allowed to stand still to facilitate the decomposition of vegetation. Water is drained during February - March and small mounds of a yard in diameter at the base and two feet high are m
Rice-Rice, Rice-Green gram, Rice-Ground nut, Rice-Cotton.
The state has cultivated area of 4.7 m ha comprising 36% of the total geographical area. The irrigated area is 2.15 m ha constituting 46% of the cultivated area. The major crops are rice, cotton, groundnut, mung bean, urd bean and sugarcane. The cropping intensity is 113%.