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Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
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22
Aug

Advantages of ZT over Normal Transplanting

ZTDSR lowers production costs due to lack of any kind of land preparation; • Timely sowing of rice can be done; • Promising technology under less rainfall situation, if prevails during crop growth period; • ZT crop suffers less transplantation shock; • The crop matures 8-10 days earlier; • It experiences less weed pressure due to herbicide use; • Savings in irrigation water use & seed; Savings in Labour & Time; Savings in Fuel; • Maintains soil health • There is an improved productivity as well as profit
22
Aug

Weed Management in ZT Rice

Chemicals that are used for Weed Management during Zero Tillage Rice Cultivation are: • Glyphosate 41 SL @ 2.0 kg a.i. ha-1 (Roundup/ Glycel @ 8-10 ml litre-1) or Paraquat 25 WSC @ 1.0 kg a.i. ha-1 (Gramoxone 25 EC) at 5-7 days before sowing if there is a mat of weeds • Pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin 30 EC @ 1.0 kg a.i. ha-1 (Stomp/ Pendiguard 30 EC @ 3.3 litres ha-1 or 6.7 ml herbicide litre-1) at 1-2 DAS (Within 48 hours) or Pretilachlor + Safener 35.7 EC @ 0.5 kg a.i. ha-1 (Sofit) or Pyrazosulphuron ethyl 10 SP @ 0.020 kg a.i. ha-1 (Saathi) at 0-3 DAS in 500 litres of water ha-1 (67 litres of water bigha-1) • Post-emergence application of 2,4-D sodium salt 80 WP @ 0.5 kg a.i. ha-1 (Fernoxone 1.25 g litre-1) or Bispyribac Sodium 10 SC @ 0.020 kg a.i. ha-1 (Nominee Gold) at 15-20 DAS in 500 litres of water ha-1 (67 litres of water bigha-1)
22
Aug

Fertilizer Management in ZT Rice

There are three steps to be followed during fertilizer management in Zero Tillage Rice • BASAL DOSE: N: P2O5: K2O @ 80: 40: 40 kg ha-1 (20.5 kg IFFCO 10: 26: 26 and 1.5 kg urea) to be applied simultaneously with seeds of rice. • TOP DRESSING: 12 kg urea at 15-20 DAS & 6 kg urea at PI for 1.0 bigha area. • Sesbania co-culture: 2 kg bigha-1 to be sown simultaneously with the seeds of rice. Fertilizer Management in Normal Transplanted Plots • BASAL: ¼ N + Full P2O5 + ¾ K2O • TOP DRESSING: ½ N at 15-20 DAT & rest ¼ N + ¼ K2O at Panicle Initiation
22
Aug

Seed Treatment

The seed should be treated with 2.5 g Carbendazim/ kg seed before sowing. TREATMENTS TO BE FOLLOWED • T1: DSR + Pre-emergence herbicide application immediately after sowing in the evening + Split application of N • T2: DSR + Pre-emergence herbicide application immediately after sowing in the evening + Sesbania co-culture & killing by 2,4-D salt at 25 DAS + Split application of N • T3: Normal transplanted paddy & normal fertilizer application
22
Aug

Time of Sowing and Seed Rate

• It is advisable to start Zero Tillage DSR at 8-10 days before onset of monsoon (1st fortnight of June) to facilitate timely crop establishment before rains start in full-swing. • The seed rate recommended is 15-16 kg acre-1 for bold grain rice varieties & 11-12 kg acre-1 for fine grain rice varieties.
22
Aug

What is zero tillage?

Before proceeding to the package of practices in Zero Tillage, let us understand what is Zero Tillage? • Zero tillage (ZT) implies planting crops in previously unprepared soil. It is also known as zero till, no till or direct planting/ sowing. • Zero Tillage technology in direct seeded rice (DSR) excludes any sorts of tillage operation. • Zero tillage in rice-wheat systems ranges from surface seeding to planting with seed drills drawn by four-wheel tractors.
22
Aug

Grain Storage

As crop management in the field is very important, similarly grain storage after harvesting is equally important. • Rice is to be stored as unmilled paddy. • Grain moisture level is to be brought down to 12-14%. • A suitable storage structure (metallic/ non- metallic), which is fairly air tight, is to be selected, depending on quantity of grain to be stored. • The storage structure is to be disinfested with malathion 50 EC (1:100 dilution) @ 3 l of spray emulsion per 100 sqm. before filling in with grains. • If old empty gunny bags are to be reused, such bags are to be either treated with malathion or immersed in boiling water for 15-20 minutes & dried. • The bags are to be stacked in systematic way on proper dunnage either wooden crates or on a foot thick layer of husk or straw, away from the walls.
22
Aug

Harvesting & Threshing

Harvesting of the crop in the field followed by threshing: • Water is to be drained out from the field when grains in the lowest portion of the panicle are in the dough stage (about 20 days from 50% flowering). • The grains are to be allowed to harden. • Harvesting is to be done at 30-35 days after flowering when stalks still remain green to avoid grain shedding. • Moisture content of paddy should be 20-24% at harvest. • Threshing is to be done as early as possible preferably a day after harvest. • Drying is to be gradually done under shade until the moisture content is brought down to 12-14%, which ensures better milling quality and storage.
22
Aug

Insect Management

22
Aug

Disease management

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