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History and concept of Hybrid rice

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1. The Hybrid Rice program in India was launched in 1989, through a systematic, goal oriented and time bound network project with the financial assistance from Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).

2. Technical support from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines and the FAO, Rome and additional financial support from the UNDP, ICAR and NATP and Barwale Foundation were the major contributing factors for the remarkable success of hybrid rice technology in India.

3. So far forty three hybrids have been released for commercial cultivation and the area planted to hybrid rice in the country during kharif 2007 was around 1.4 m. hectares. More than 80% of total hybrid rice area is in U.P., Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Punjab and Haryana.

4. As a result of concerted efforts for over two decades, totally 43 hybrids have been released for commercial cultivation in the country. Among these, 28 have been released from the public sector while remaining 15 have been developed and released by the private sector (Table – 1).

5. Out of 43 hybrids, 23 have been released by the State Variety Release Committees, while 20 viz., PHB-71, PA 6201, KRH-2, PA 6444, Pusa RH-10, RH 204, Ganga, Suruchi, DRRH-2, JKRH-401, PA 6129, Sahyadri-4, GK 5003, DRH 775, HRI 157, PAC 835, PAC 837, DRRH-3, NK 5251 and US 312 have been released by the CSCCSN & RV. Among the central releases five hybrids viz., KRH-2, Pusa RH-10, DRRH-2, Sahyadri-4 and DRRH-3 are from the public sector and the remaining 15 are from the private sector.

File Courtesy: 
DRR training manual (HRPT)
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