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CUTTACK: Scientists of Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), the premier rice research centre, have developed three new high-yielding varieties of rice. The new paddy seeds, CR Dhan 205, CR Dhan 306 and CRR 451, were recently identified by central variety identification committee under the ministry of agriculture for release.
Sources said the new varieties were field tested for over three years in different parts of the country and under various climatic conditions. With this, the centre claims to have developed 110 varieties of rice since its inception in 1946. It will be celebrating its 68th foundation day on April 23.
"The committee gave its approval for release of the three new varieties last week. These have been developed keeping in mind the changing climatic conditions and requirements of different states," said CRRI director Trilochan Mohapatra.
The CR Dhan 205 is suitable for Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Gujarat, which have serious irrigation problem. It can grow under water-deficiency conditions and yield 5.3 to 5.8 tonne a hectare. However, the output can go up to 8 tonne a hectare under favourable conditions. The variety takes only 110 days to mature and can endure strong winds.
"It requires 70% less water than traditional varieties and produces a bumper harvest. It is best suited for rain-fed Balangir and Kalahandi districts in our state," said principal scientist of CRRI S K Pradhan.
Similarly, CR Dhan 306 is suitable for irrigated areas and has been recommended for Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Puducherry. It is a superior quality of Lalat rice variety. It matures in 125 days and yields 6 tonne a hectare.
The CRR 451 matures in flat 95 days and is best suited for Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. The long slender grain variety will ensure better profits to farmers. The rice variety is resistant to leaf blast disease and also tolerant to drought-like situation. On an average, it yields 3.5 to 4 tonne a hectare. (Curtesy: Times of India)