Paddy production in West Bengal is likely to be lower by 10-15% this year due to crop damage on account of extended rainfall and floods. Consequently, paddy prices are at a record high level this year, higher than the minimum support price.
In 2012-13, the state produced 15.3 million tonnes (MT) ofrice, an increase of 5.5% over the previous year.
Overall paddy production in the state is likely to be about 5-10% lower than last year’s production on account of crop damage, according to Pranab Chatterjee, professor at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya.
“Last year the rainfall persisted till the flowering period, which has dragged down the average productivity,” said Rajoshri Kundu pf Mali Agrotech.
Against the normal productivity of nearly five to six tonne per hectare, this year paddy productivity has been no more than 4.6 tonne per hectare.
Paddy prices of the commonly sold paddy are ruling at nearly Rs 1400 per quintal, against the MSP of Rs 1310 per quintal. Prices of fine variety is ruling between Rs 1500-1900 per quintal, against the average price of Rs 1500 per quintal.
This year, the districts which were affected by floods included high rice-productivity districts of Bardhaman, Hooghly, Birbhum and Nadia. Burdwan, Birbhum, Nadia and Hooghly have the highest productivity and account for about 27% rice acreage and 32% production.
Rice production in West Bengal is spread across three seasons---aus, aman and boro. Of these, thekharif rise aus and aman) account for about 70% of the state’s production.
While Aman or summer crop was damaged on account rainfall, Boro or winter cultivation could be higher on account of high ground level water retention and ample supply of water from Damodar Vally Corporation.
“This year Boro rice could be grown over 15 lakh hectare, which against 9 lakh hectare due to good prices and weather condition,’” said Chatterjee.
While districts like Bankura, Bardhman and Birbhum are likely to benefit from water supply from Kangsabati and Mayurakshi, areas where lift irrigation is in vogue (Nadia), higher ground level would be beneficial for paddy cultivation, said Kundu.
However, high input prices have prompted many small growers to shift to alternative crops.
“While acreage for winter crop could be higher than last year, unprecedented rise in cost of electricity, fertilizer, labour and diesel, have prompted many small farmers to go for jute cultivation instead of paddy, said Ramprasad Biswas, Gotra Krishi Samavayi Samiti, Burdwan.
“Per unit price of electricity has gone up from 50 paise to Rs 5 per unit in the last four to five years. Similarly, fertilizer and diesel prices have gone up more than three times. On the other hand, rise in paddy prices have not risen proportionately, which paddy cultivation unviable,” said Biswas.
However, paddy production during the Boro season is about 4.5 million tonnes--minuscule compared to the peak production months.
West Bengal accounts for 14-16% of India’s rice production.
The Philippines-based International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is developing a new variety of rice, "3-in-1"climate tolerant rice, which can tolerate flooding, a prolonged dry season, and saltiness near coastal areas, according to local sources.
According to the IRRI, the new variety will be a climate-resilient variety and help mitigate climate change and sustain agricultural productivity in rice-producing countries. The IRRI first developed the “2-in-1” variety, which could tolerate flooding and drought situations.
Flood resistant variety "IR 64 Sub1" was derived from an Indian rice variety. Scientists isolated the SUB 1A gene and identified the genetic code that controls submergence tolerance. The SUB 1A gene activates when the plant is submerged, making it dormant and conserving energy until the floodwater recedes. The "IR 64 Sub1" can tolerate flooding for 14 days and still can produce an average yield of 6.4 tons per hectare.
The drought-tolerant variety "Sahod ulan" was derived from the Indian variety "Sahbhagi Dhan" and the Nepal variety "Sookha Dhan". The IRRI scientists identified quantitative trait loci (QTLs) genes which give the drought-tolerance and improve yield. These are activated in popular varieties like IR64 to produce better yields even in drought conditions.
Now the IRRI is in its last stage of developing the "3-in-1" variety. It is developing seeds that have genes that can sustain climatic changes and yet provide good yields. IRRI's Deputy Director General says IRRI is working closely with the Philippines Department of Agriculture and the Philippine Rice Research Institute (Philrice) to help the government attain its rice self-sufficiency target. The IRRI promises technology support to the Philippines to accelerate high-yielding varieties, he adds.
Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/research-development/irri-developing-%E2%80%983-1%...
Paddy farmers in the eastern part of the district are fretting over the shortage of labourers and non-availability of harvest machines.
Owing to it, paddy crop in over 80 hectares of Pambakkuda block panchayat, ready for harvest, is withering. According to farmers, paddy ought to be harvested by this week and if immediate steps are not taken it would lead to heavy loss.
C K Prakash, president, Karshakasangam Koothattukulam area, said it is not easy to find labourers as they have opted for other jobs. The authorities of the local bodies instead of taking immediate steps remain apathetic to the issue, he said.
The two harvest machines available at the block panchayat were defunct as against the requirement of five and no steps have been taken to repair them. The issue will intensify as paddy crop in over 830 hectares in the block panchayat is getting ready for harvest.
“The authorities should mobilise as many harvest machines as possible from other panchayts. If the block panchayat authority continues its apathy towards the issue, we will stage protests,” he said.
Isha Madavan, president, Pambakkuda block panchayat, said paddy crops in the area, including Piravom, Pambakkuda and nearby areas attain maturity at same time which causes hurdles. The block panchayat will take all possible steps to tackle the issue. We are planning to take machines on lease from nearby panchayats, she said.
She noted that labourers were taking up other jobs which has led to a shortage.
Courtesy : http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/No-MachineManpower-to-Harv...
Farmers in tail-end areas of Kanyakumari district are concerned over the depletion of storage in all dams — Pechipparai, Perunchani, Chittar-I, Chittar-II and Poigai. They have demanded immediate implementation of the turn system as it will be difficult to save the standing paddy crop in the prevailing water scenario.
Farmers in east Kanyakumari, which includes Thovalai, Chenbakaramanputhur, a portion of Anjugramam, Azagappapuram Kottaram, Myladi, Tamaraikulam, Asaripallam, Rajakkamangalam and Muttom, cultivate paddy in over 19,000 acres. As the crop in tail-end areas, which has attained the ‘milky stage,’ needs more water, farmers have urged the district administration to introduce the ‘turn system’ at the earliest.
Speaking to The Hindu on Wednesday, the chairman of Kodayar Irrigation Project (Water Resource Organisation), A. Vinsanto, pointed out that the government used to issue a special order every year on March 1 for water release in Padmanabhapuram-Puthanar channel up to March 15 for devotees to take holy dip during Mondaicadu Bhagavathy Amman Masi Kodai Viza. Water also would be released in Thovalai and Ananthanar channels during the Mondaicadu festival.
This step will benefit farmers in tail-end areas.
While paddy raised around the dam head needs water for only 15 days more, in the tail-end areas, it requires a month’s more of water.
Thus, farmers in Kottaram and surrounding areas have appealed to the PWD officials to implement turn system immediately, before the special GO is issued.
Over the years, cultivable area in the district has shrunk from 35,000 hectares to 25,000 hectares owing to conversion of land into sites for houses. In the absence of remunerative price for paddy, farmers have also switched to cash crops like banana and rubber.
Though the district administration has taken steps to create awareness of the need to protect waterbodies under the ‘Nanneer Kumari’ initiative, it is yet to take off due to poor cooperation from farmers, according to officials in the Department of Agriculture.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/paddy-farmers-seek-turn...
The rice procurement drive by government agencies for the 2013-14 marketing season (October-September) is likely to fall below the target of 34 million tonne (mt).
Food ministry officials attribute the reasons for the slow progress in procurement from farmers to mainly late arrival of the kharif crop in eastern states and adverse impact of cyclone on key rice-growing areas of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
Besides, the slow pace of rice procurement has been also attributed to active participation of private traders in the market due to lower kharif output. As per latest data, with the exception of Chhattisgarh, all other key states that contribute to the government's rice procurement drive have recorded lower volume of purchase this year compared to last year.
Till Tuesday, FCI and the state government-owned agencies purchased more than 21.5 mt of rice from the farmers compared to 23.3 mt last year. This decline in total volume of procurement is more than 8% and is expected to widen in the next few months.
“Kharif crop arrivals in eastern states have been slower this year while a chunk of crop area was adversely impact by cyclone,” an agriculture ministry official told FE.
The government agencies have purchased 8.1 mt in Punjab, 4.6 mt in Chhattisgarh, 2.4 mt in Haryana and 2.4 mt rice in Andhra Pradesh, as per latest data.
Prior to the formal commencement of rice procurement in October, 2013, the food ministry, in consultation with states, set targets for each of the key contributing states.
Punjab and Andhra Pradesh were estimated to contribute 8.3 mt and 6 mt, respectively, the other key contributors to the central pool would be Chhattisgarh (5.5 mt), Haryana (2.3 mt), Uttar Pradesh (2.7 mt), Orissa (2.6 mt) and West Bengal (2.2 mt).
With the exception of Chhattisgarh, where state government has purchased more than 4.6 mt till now, in all the other key growing states --- Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa – the volume of rice procurement from farmers have been less than the target.
In Punjab and Haryana, where procurement is complete, the state agencies have purchased 8.1 mt and 2.4 mt of rice this season against 8.5 mt and 25.9 mt last year. Due to an untimely storm in many districts of Punjab in September, rice procurement was marginally lower in the state.
The biggest fall in procurement was witnessed in the cyclone-hit Andhra Pradesh, where state agencies purchased 2.4 mt till Tuesday against 2.9 mt last year. The government's rice stock with the FCI and other agencies was reported at 14.6 mt at the start of this month, which is more than double of strategic reserve and buffer stock norms.
The government had approved a minimum support price for 2013-14 at Rs 1,310 per quintal for common paddy rice, which is an increase of about 5% from around Rs1,250 a quintal last year.
Courtesy : http://www.financialexpress.com/news/rice-procurement-likely-to-miss-34m...
सोनभद्र : जनपद में कछुआ चाल चल रही धान खरीद को लेकर किसानों में मायूसी व्याप्त है। खरीद कार्य बंद होने में मात्र 25 दिन से भी कम का समय बचा हुआ है और अभी तक जिला प्रशासन लक्ष्य से कोसों दूर है।
निर्धारित 45 हजार मीट्रिक टन के सापेक्ष संबंधित विभाग अभी तक 50 प्रतिशत भी खरीद नहीं कर पाया है। किसान मंगला प्रसाद, सुलोचन सिंह, विनोद शुक्ल ने कहा कि हम लोग क्रय केंद्रों पर चक्कर काटते-काटते थक गए हैं अब तो अपने उपज को बाजार में औने-पौने दाम पर बेचना ही मुनासिब है। जिला प्रशासन पर उपेक्षा का आरोप लगाते हुए कहा कि जिलाधिकारी ने पूरे खरीद के दौरान लगातार उदासीन रवैया अपना रहा, जो गलत है।
Courtesy : http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/sonbhadra-11060052.html
The country has to unlock the potential of non-conventional methods, including new hybrid variety seeds, genetically modified crops and effective crop management system, to meet the future foodgrain requirements, said Padma Shri EA Siddiq, former vice chancellor of agri-research body ANGRAU.
"With the climate change already costing farmers with decreasing crop yields (up to 10 per cent) and new crop land constraints, efforts should be made to develop hybrid varieties that can withstand physical stresses, including water submergence during severe monsoon, drought and high salinity," said Siddiq, who is now honorary director of Institute of Biotechnology, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Hyderabad.
Supported by the Melinda Gates Foundation, world scientists are re-engineering photosynthesis aspect in C3 cultivated variety of rice to combat the affect of climate change. "The new C4 rice variety would see changes in anatomy, biochemistry, and would see increased yields of up to 50 per cent and improved nitrogen use efficiency," Siddiq said.
The foundation is also helping scientists develop high-yielding Green Super Rice (GSR) suited for tropical countries of Asia.
"Till now, the irrigated area, accounting for only 35 per cent of the total cropped area was acting as an anchor to our claims of higher food production. However, hybrid technology has to be utilised to achieve higher production in the larger rain-fed area," he said.
According to him, we could simply add 30-40 million tonnes (mt) to our foodgrains production by employing hybrid technology varieties in the rain-fed area without bringing additional area into the system.
"In India, we've under-exploited hybrid technology in rice, mustard seed and pigeon pea among others. We have to try crop biotechnology to overcome difficulties that cannot be mitigated by conventional approach," he said.
He said China had already embarked upon a mega project for breeding super rice varieties and hybrids for raising yield in paddy to 15 tonne per hectare. China has employed hybrid varieties of rice in 20 million ha since 1990s, as against India's 2.01 million ha, by taking advantage of parental lines of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines.
The country had to produce around 460 mt of foodgrains by 2050, up from the current 257 mt, he said. India's total food grain production rose from 51 mt in 1950 to 257 mt now. Despite this, around 240 million people in the country do not get proper access to food. To adjust this gap, the country has come up with the Food Security Act to provide foodgrains at subsidised rates.
Courtesy : http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/need-to-try-non...
Planting area under India's Rabi (winter) rice crop (November – April) stands at around 2.1 million hectares as of January 31, 2014, which is up about 40% from about 1.5 million hectares recorded during same time in 2013, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. Rabi rice crop accounts for around 10% – 15% of total annual rice production in India.
India’s total Rabi planting area (including rice and other grains) stands at about 64.3 million hectares as of January 31, 2014, up about 6% from about 60.8 million hectares recorded during this time last year.
Courtesy : http://oryza.com/news/rice-news/india-winter-rice-crop-planting-area-rea...
The Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company (Mahyco) and Arcadia Biosciences of the US, an agricultural technology company, have announced a key milestone in the development of “salt-tolerant rice”.
Arcadia's Salt Tolerance (ST) technology enables plants to produce increased yields under saline water and soil conditions, expanding the range of usable acreage for crop production and reducing requirements for fresh water, said a statement in Chennai.
In achieving this key milestone, Mahyco demonstrated that Arcadia’s ST technology significantly increased plant growth and yield in multiple rice lines developed by Mahyco. Rice varieties incorporating ST technology showed substantial increases in key plant performance measures.
Rice is the world’s second-largest crop, grown on 161 million hectares annually.
It plays a critical role in food security for more than half of the world’s population. India, with a population of more than 1.2 billion, is the second most populous country in the world, and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimates that 221 million people in India, or about one-fifth of the population, are undernourished.
As such, there is significant pressure on Indian farmers to increase agricultural productivity.
"With this milestone, we are closer to bringing the benefits of this technology to farmers who are challenged with increased salinity in their farms and improving overall productivity of the crop," said Usha Zehr, chief technology officer of Mahyco.
"With the growing demands on fresh water and land resources for agriculture, the ability to maintain high crop yields in salt impacted environments is critical,” said Eric Rey, president and chief executive officer of Arcadia Biosciences.
"This key technology is just one of a number of improvements Arcadia and Mahyco are developing together to increase farm productivity and reduce the overall environmental impact of agriculture in the region," he added.
Courtesy : http://www.financialexpress.com/news/mahyco-arcadia-develop-salttolerant...
A paddy variety meant for the sodic soil in Manikandam block has recorded better yield in non-sodic soil.
The TRY(R) 3, a paddy variety released by the TNAU – Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College and Research Institute to suit the alkaline soil in Manikandam block, has proved its mettle in non-alkaline soil. The TNAU – ADACRI was founded in Manikandam block, about 25 years ago, to evolve and release paddy varieties suited for the alkaline soil. Soil in around 5,000 hectares in the block have turned alkaline affecting the yield.
N. Periyasamy, farmer from Manachanallur, has raised the variety in his one acre in his fields. The ‘field day’ celebrated on Tuesday when the crop was harvested and on Friday, the farmer along with scientists from the Krishi Vigyan Kendra found that the yield was 13.5 tonnes a hectare. “The grain weighs 27 grams per 1,000 grains indicating the high yield,” says A. Sakunthalai, Project Coordinator KVK. The soil is less sodic nature, she said.The Kendra not only provided seeds but also guided the farmer with crop cultivation techniques. “A sustained follow-up on the cultivation practice, supply of Dhaincha seeds and prevention of leaf folder disease were some of the measures adopted by us to achieve a higher yield,” she said.
R. Pandiyarajan, Dean of TNAU – ADACRI, said that the variety, yielded 5.1 tonnes in sodic soil of Manikandam. The grain weight was 23 grams. He said that the variety could be raised during the thaladi season too.
Gururaj Singh, Joint Director of Agriculture and officials ascertained the quality of paddy.
Courtesy : http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/tryr-3-var...