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FCI ties up with IICPT to ascertain paddy OTR in Odisha, other 10 states

New Delhi: Food Corporation of India (FCI) will work in collaboration with Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology (IICPT), Thanjavur to ascertain the outturn ratio (OTR) of paddy.

 The study will be conducted in 11 paddy-producing states across the country, FCI Chairman and Managing Director, Mr C Viswanath, said today after the PSU signed a memorandum of understanding with IICPT — an educational research and development institution founded in 1967.
FCI has initiated the study on behalf of Government of India, based on requests received from various states for fresh trial milling and fixation of Uniform OTR.
“The objective of the study,” Mr Viswanath revealed, “is to determine the OTR and to ascertain the milling yield of rice from paddy and the quality of milled rice obtained in different agro climatic zones in the states.” The states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Kerala.
The MoU was signed at the FCI headquarters in the national capital on Monday by FCI Executive Director (Quality Control) Seema Kakar and Dr. K. Singaravadivel, Principal Scientist, IICPT, in the presence of by Mr Viswanath and IICPT Director Dr. K. Alagusundaram.
The study aims to attend to the long-pending demand of the rice milling industry as well as the state governments to re-fix the OTR, keeping in view the introduction of new varieties of paddy in country as well as advancements in rice milling technologies



Paddy farmers in Erode expect bumper harvest

They used System of Rice Intensification method

For enhanced productivity:Farmers in Erode district have patronised System of Rice Intensification method of paddy cultivation on a large scale.- PHOTO: M.GOVARTHAN

For enhanced productivity:Farmers in Erode district have patronised System of Rice Intensification method of paddy cultivation on a large scale.- PHOTO: M.GOVARTHAN

Thanks to adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) method of paddy cultivation, 70 per cent of farmers are looking forward to reaping a bumper harvest.

According to Agriculture Department officials, the harvest in is progress and the yield is in the range of 15,000 kg per hectare.

Incidentally, a farmer of Nasiyanur in Erode district N. Parameswaran received an award from the Chief Minister during the Republic Day for achieving highest agricultural productivity during 2012-13, adopting SRI method.


For having produced 6,119 kg paddy per acre, Mr. Parameswaran received the award that included Rs. 5 lakh in cash and a medal worth Rs. 3,500.

According to official sources, the productivity this year was bound to be more since the fields that had been cultivated after a gap of a year would have enhanced fertility. During 2012-13, a majority of farmers chose not to cultivate due to water inadequacy. This year, there was adequate water supply from the Bhavani Sagar Dam.

Also the monsoons did not cause extreme conditions, and there was no pest problem.

Since the success of SRI method has been proved, there would be more farmers switching over for higher productivity, there will be higher patronage, a senior official said.

Meanwhile, the Agriculture Department has sown ADT 38 paddy in 20 acres in the Government Seed Farm at Bhavani for distribution to farmers for the next season of paddy cultivation under SRI method.

Courtesy :


Paddy harvest on 50,000 acres in Cuddalore district affected

   Samba paddy crop in over 50,000 acres in Cuddalore district has not been harvested yet owing to acute shortage of labourers and non-availability of harvest machines.

Crops that are otherwise ready for harvest well before Pongal festival are now withering in fields and if action is not taken on a war-footing, it would inflict heavy losses, say farmers. Paddy ought to be harvested within 15 days of maturity and if left exposed to the elements in the farms hulling would become difficult as the grains would fall off the stalks, resulting in much lower yield.

Paddy crops withering in a field at Kattumannarkoil.

Vice-president of the Cauvery Delta Farmers’ Association K.V. Kannan told The Hindu that it was impossible to find labourers to harvest ripe paddy crop. Harvesting ought to be done within the next 10 days and it would require either 10,000 labourers or 700 harvest machines.

But, it was a tall order to mobilise such a massive workforce and harvest machines in such as short a period. Mr Kannan pointed out that paddy crops on three lakh acres in the tail end delta region, including Chidambaram, Kattumannarkoil and Bhuvanagiri, attained maturity at the same time because of direct sowing and transplantation practices.

In such a situation there was hardly any scope for spacing out the harvest. Mr Kannan noted that in earlier days, village artisans, including carpenters and ironsmiths, would join farm hands in harvesting paddy. Then they were paid in kind at the rate of seven ‘marakkal’ (a measure) for every man and five ‘marakkal’ for every woman for a day’s work.

Those days, paddy was precious for labourers who used to store grain at their house with utmost care. But, in the past 10 years, when distribution of either subsidised or free rice through Public Distribution System had come into vogue, paddy seemed to have lost its value.

President of Kollidam-Keelanai Paasanana Vivasayigal Sangam P.Vinayagamoorthy, who vouched for such a disturbing trend, said that labourers were being attracted to Tirupur, Chennai and other urban areas for taking up jobs other than agriculture or allied activities. Therefore, labour shortage had begun to put tremendous pressure on farmers and forced them to find recourse to harvest machines. But, on this score too, there was an unbridgeable demand-supply gap.

Mr Vinayagamoorthy said that there were two types of harvest machines - track-chain type that could function with ease even in wet fields, and wheel type that could be comfortable only in dry farms. Agricultural Engineering Department in Cuddalore could boast of having only two such machines (one in each category) but even these too were either sent elsewhere or under disrepair.

Mr Kannan noted that as against the requirement of 700 harvest machines, only about 300 (both government and private-owned machines put together) were available in the district. Therefore, Mr. Kannan and Mr. Vinayagamoorthy said that since paddy harvest did not brook any delay, authorities should mobilise as many harvest machines as possible to help the farmers.



CM’s special award for Erode farmer

He reaped 6,119 kg of paddy per acre by adopting SRI cultivation method

An Erode-based farmer, who received the Chief Minister’s special award for accomplishing the highest yield in the State, made a strong case against converting traditional irrigation canals into concrete structures.

“Lining of the canals will prevent groundwater from getting replenished. Concrete bunds also block seepage of water into fields. Had seepage of water been allowed, one could achieve higher yield,” said N. Parameswaran, who received the award from Chief Minister Jayalalithaa in the presence of Governor K. Rosaiah on the Marina here as part of the Republic Day celebration.

The award included Rs. 5 lakh in cash and a medal worth Rs. 3,500.

Mr. Parameswaran, from Nasiyanur in Erode district, produced 6,119 kg of paddy per acre by adopting the system of rice intensification cultivation method (SRI). He used BPT-5204 paddy seeds, known as ‘samba masuri,’ from the Erode block agricultural extension centre.

“There was no adequate rain in 2012-2013 and both Cauvery and its tributary Bhavani dried up. I used the seepage of the drinking water released from the Lower Bhavani three times and water from wells,” he said, while acknowledging the help rendered by his mother N. Rukmani and wife P. Umadevi.

He planted 14 day-old paddy and maintained a gap of 23 cm between each plant. Weeding was done four times and the harvest was made after 130 days. He sold the yield to the Agriculture department for storage of seeds.

Mr. Parameswaran said the price fixed for paddy was not adequate as the cost of input and labour had increased.

The Chief Minister also presented Anna medal for Gallantry to six persons, Gandhi Adigal Police medal to policemen who had done outstanding work to curtail illicit liquor and Kottai Ameer Communal Harmony award to A.R. Basheer Ahamed from Coimbatore.

Earlier, the Governor hoisted the National Flag and took the salute of the three armed forces and other security agencies.

The celebrations were marked by the presentation of traditional cultural programmes of school and college students. Floats displaying achievements of various government departments were part of the customary procession taken out on the occasion.

Awards to eight others

Ms. Jayalalithaa distributed awards to eight persons who have made great contributions to the respective fields. She presented the Periyar Award to Sulochana Sampath; Anna award – Panruti S. Ramachandran; Thiru-Vi-Ka award - writer Ashokamitran; Ambedkar award - Bishop M. Prakash; Kamaraj award - Ayyaru Vandaiyar; Bharathiyar award - K. Gnanasambandan; Bharathidasan award - Radha Chellappan and K.A.P. Viswanatham Award - V. Jayadevan. Each award carried Rs 1 lakh cash, a gold medal and a citation.

Mr. Ashokamitran said he was happy to receive the award named after Thiru-Vi-Ka who, he said, was one of the pioneers of the modern Tamil prose.



Demonstration on paddy crop cutting machine held

Kuduregundi:dec 17, DHNS:
Agriculture Assistant Director Omkarappa said that farmers will have to invariably go for machinisation of farming at this juncture of time when finding agriculture labourers is becoming difficult.
Farmers trying their hands on the paddy crop cutting machine at Kuduregundi village in N R Pura by Agriculture Department. DH Photo
Farmers trying their hands on the paddy crop cutting machine at Kuduregundi village in N R Pura by Agriculture Department. DH Photo

Addressing the gathering at demonstration of paddy crop cutting machine at Kuduregundi village recently he said that farmers are facing loss due to the decline in quantity of yield and because the cost of production has increased.

“Farmers and farm workers are facing lots of problems and it is due to these problems that farmers are resorting to suicide,” he said and added that one cutting machine can replace or perform the work of 35 manual workers. The yield too can go up by 25 per cent.

He said that in this proportion, there is a total land area of 15,000 hectare where paddy is grown and if this machine is used for farming them the yield can fetch about Rs 10 crore income for the taluk alone.Taluk Panchayat Member K N Shivadas inaugurated the programme by cutting the paddy crops using cutting machine. Programme was presided over by Sithur GP President Y S Ganesh.

Taluk Panchayat Member Sumathi Achar inaugurated the exhibition. Farmers Chandrashekar, Ramadas among others expressed their experience and opinion
Courtesy :


நெல் பயிரில் மஞ்சள் கலந்த ஆரஞ்சு நிற இலையா...?

 தமிழகத்தில் பயிரிடப்படும் உணவுப் பயிர்களில் நெல் பயிர் பிரதானமாக உள்ளது. திருநெல்வேலி, தூத்துக்குடி மாவட்டங்களில் பிசானப் பருவத்தில் பரவலாக நெல் பயிரிடப்பட்டுள்ளது. திருநெல்வேலி மாவட்டத்தில் மட்டும் பிசானப் பருவத்தில் 60 ஆயிரம் ஹெக்டேர் பரப்பில் நெல் சாகுபடிக்கு இலக்கு நிர்ணயிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

ஆரஞ்சு நிற தோன்றல்: இரு மாவட்டங்களிலும் பயிரிடப்பட்டுள்ள நெல் பயிர்களில் மஞ்சள் கலந்த ஆரஞ்சு நிற தோன்றல் காணப்படுகிறது. இந்த நிறமானது அடி இலைகளில் தொடங்கி மேற்புரம் வரையில் பரவி காணப்படும்.
அறிகுறிகள்: முதலில் அடி இலைகள் வெளிறிய மஞ்சள் நிறத்துடன் காணப்படும். பின்னர், இந்த அறிகுறிகள் மேல் இலைகள் வரைக்கும் படிப்படியாக பரவும். மஞ்சள் நிற அறிகுறிகளுக்கான காரணங்களை சரிசெய்யாமல் இருந்தால் பின்னர் ஆரஞ்சு நிறமாக மாறி இலையின் நுனி திசுக்கள் இறந்து காய்ந்து சருகுகளாக மாறும். இவ்வாறு நெல்லின் அடி இலையில் இருந்து நுனி இலை வரை காய்ந்து விடும். காயந்த இலைகளின் பயிர்களில் ஓரினச்சேர்க்கை நடைபெற முடியாது. இதனால், மகசூல் குறையும். மேலும், பாதிக்கப்பட்ட நெல் பயிர்களில் பக்க சிம்புகள் உருவாகாமல் போகும். விளைச்சல் வெகுவாகப் பாதிக்கப்படும்.
காரணங்கள்: நெல்லில் மஞ்சள் கலந்த ஆரஞ்சு நிற இலை தோன்றுவதற்கு முக்கியமாக 2 காணரங்கள் உள்ளன. மண்ணில் சாம்பல் சத்து பற்றாக்குறை, மண்ணில் அகி இரும்பு சத்துகளின் கிடைக்கையால் இந்த பாதிப்பு ஏற்படுவதாக ஆராய்ச்சி மூலம் தெரியவந்துள்ளது. இந்த பாதிப்பானது வயல் முழுவதும் ஓரத்தில் இருந்து நடு வயல் வரையிலும் காணபட்டால் சாம்பல் சத்து பற்றாக்குறையால் உருவானது எனக் கண்டறியலாம். வயலின் நடுப்பகுதியில் மட்டும் பாதிப்பு இருந்தால் இரும்பு சத்து அதிகம் இருப்பதாகக் கண்டறியலாம். பயிரில் தேவைக்கு அதிகமாக உரங்களை இடுவதாலும், சமச்சீரற்ற ஊட்டச்சத்துகளை அளிப்பதாலும் இத்தகைய பாதிப்புகள் ஏற்படுகின்றன. மேலும், நிலங்களை காயவிடாமல் நீர்ப்பாய்ச்சுவதாலும் பாதிப்பு ஏற்படுகிறது. திருந்திய நெல் சாகுபடி முறையை விட சாதாரண முறையில் சாகுபடி செய்யப்பட்ட நெல் பயிரில் இத்தகைய பாதிப்பு அதிகமாகக் காணப்படுகிறது.
தடுக்கும் முறைகள்: இந்த பாதிப்பைக் கட்டுப்படுத்த சாம்பல் சத்தை சற்று கூடுதலாக இட வேண்டும். ஒரு ஹெக்டேர் நெல் பயிருக்கு பரிந்துரைக்கப்ட்ட 60 கிலோ சாம்பல் சத்துடன் கூடுதலாக 30 கிலோவையும் சேர்த்து பயிரின் வளர்ச்சி பருவத்துக்கு தகுந்தபடி பிரித்து இட வேண்டும். மண் பரிசோதனை செய்து அதற்கு தகுந்தபடியும் உரமிடலாம். மேலும், காய்ச்சல் பாய்ச்சல் முறையில் நீர் மேலாண்மையைக் கையாளுவதன் மூலமும் பாதிப்பைத் தவிர்க்கலாம். வளர்ச்சியடைந்த நெல்லில் பாதிப்பு வராமல் தடுக்க 2 சத டிஏபி, ஒரு சத யூரியா, ஒரு சத பொட்டாஷ் ஆகியவற்றை 15 நாள்களுக்கு ஒரு முறை கைத் தெளிப்பான் மூலம் பாதிக்கப்பட்ட பயிர்களில் முழுமையாக நனையும் வகையில் தெளிக்க வேண்டும்.
திருநெல்வேலி, தூத்துக்குடி மாவட்டத்தைச் சேர்ந்த விவசாயிகள் இந்த தொழில்நுட்ப முறைகளை தவறாமல் பின்பற்றி மகசூல் இழப்பைக் கட்டுப்படுத்தலாம் என தமிழ்நாடு வேளாண்மைப் பல்கலைக் கழக நெல் ஆராய்ச்சி நிலைய மண்ணியல் பேராசிரியர் சு. ஜோதிமணி தெரிவித்துள்ளார்.

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Drum seeder’ to help farmers

DATT centre popularising the device in view of severe shortage of labour
Technology at work:Agricultural scientist R Uma Reddy demonstrating the working of the drum seeder to farmers at a meeting in Warangal on Friday.– Photo: M. MURALI

A simple axle with two wheels and drums attached to you around in between to store and drop seeds known as called ‘drum seeder’ is becoming popular among the farmers in the district.

In view of sever shortage of labour, it is being popularised by the District Agricultural Technology and Transfer (DATT) centre.

Director of the centre, R Uma Reddy told The Hindu that it would help lot with regard to the labour component to paddy farmers. It also helps save the seed. “A farmer requires 30kg paddy per acre with manual labour. By using drum seeder, farmer just needs 12 kg,” he explained.

In conventional method of sowing paddy, a farmer needs to engage 10 to 12 labour per acre of sowing whereas, three people can sow 2.5 acres a day using the drum seeder.

Cost effective
Mr R Uma Reddy said it would cost Rs 5,000 but it was being given to farmers at Rs 2,500 under 50 per cent subsidy scheme. Since the seeds are dropped at regular interval and at correct space, it also helps avoid weed problem in the field. “The beauty of the drum seeder is that it is easy to maintain and no power or other costs involved in it,” he said. The all other parameters, like varieties, fertilisers and water management remain same both in manual transplanting and Drum seeder planting.

Picking up

Because of efforts by DAATT Centre, in the district this technology is slowly picking up and now in every mandal at least 300-400 acres paddy is under drum seeder planting. This suits very well the small and marginal farmers and addresses labour issue in paddy crop, he added.


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