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Rice in Indian Culture
 
India has the largest paddy output in the world and is also the second largest exporter of rice in the world. Paddy fields are a common sight throughout India, be they be northern gangetic plains or southern peninsular plateaus. The paddy cultivation plays a major role in socio-cultural life of rural India. Many festivals such as Onam in Kerala, Bihu in Assam, Sankranthi in Andhra Pradesh, Thai Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Makara Sankranthi in Karnataka, Nabanna in West Bengal celebrates harvest of Paddy. Andhra Pradesh is historically known as the "Rice Bowl of India", while Thanjavur is historically known as the "Granary of South India" and the Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu. Nanchinadu was known as the rice bowl of the former Kingdom of Travancore. In Kerala there is a place (which spreads into three districts) called Kuttanadu, which is famous for paddy cultivation. Kuttanadu is called the rice bowl of Kerala.
 

18
Aug

Folk Song4

File Courtesy: 
RARS,Karjat
18
Aug

Folk songs of Assam

An old khasi song sung on the occasion ofjhum cultivation by
mixed group of men and women -
'Three times with a hoe we dig the earth
And three times we dance in a chain
With the hoe in both our left and right hands'
In a ballad of a young Assamese wife's sorrow who is ill treated
by her in-laws (Goswami, 1970)-
'Never did I have a kindly word ...

Sitting in the morning sun I cured banana spadix,
Even then my little brother was given only rice
Oh my dear
Even then my little brother was given only rice'
A ballad of Dimasa -Kachari known as 'The ballad of Johaya'-

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH
18
Aug

Proverbs and wise sayings in relation to rice

'Bhator tita khabo pari kintu mator tita sahibo noari'
(Food items with bitter taste can be eaten (with rice)
But bitter words cannot be endured)

'Jar dhan ache, tar sah ache
Jar dhan nai, tar man nai'
(If you have a good store of rice, you have courage;
If you have no stock (of rice), you have no prestige)

'Jar dhan nai, tar jat nai
Jar dhan ache, tar man ache'

(If you have no rice, you have no caste
If you have rice, you have prestige)
‘ Tomar barir bahn gaj, tare karisho kharisa
Tomate salai dhan don loun, kathato mon korisa'

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH
18
Aug

Festivals of Assam

1. Busu festival
2. Bihu
3. Lakhimi Chapoa or Lahkimi Puja and Na-khowa
4. Kati-puja

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH
18
Aug

Bihu festival

The Bihu festival is celebrated in different seasons:
(a) Bohag Bihu or Rangali Bihu is performed in the spring season (before sowing! transplanting of rice), in the month of April;
(b) Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu is celebrated in the winter season (after harvest of rice), in the month of January and
(c) Kati Bihu or Kangali Bihu is celebrated in the autumn season (when rice plants are in milking stage) in the month of October.

File Courtesy: 
ICAR NEH
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