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01
Nov

Manures and Fertilizers

Manures and Fertilizers

The manures and fertilizers required for paddy cultivation are as follows:

  • FYM/Compost: 10~15 Cartload (Compost: N=0.5~0.5%; P=1.5%; K=2.3%)
  • Nitrogen: 100~150 Kg/Ha.
  • Phosphorous: 50~60 Kg P2O5/Ha. (P = P2O5 x 0.44 & P2O5 = P x 2.29)  
  • Potash: 40~50 Kg KO/Ha. (K = K2O x 0.83 & KO = K x 1.20)
  • Zinc Sulphate: 25 Kg/Ha. (22~35% Zn)
  • Green Manuring Crops: Sanai; Dhaincha; Moong/Urd, etc.
01
Nov

Seed rate, treatment and spacing

Seed rate, treatment and spacing

A) Seed rate: There are two methods of sowing rice in Bihar. They are

i) Direct Sowing

ii) Transplanting.

The seed rate for direct sowing is 90-100kg/ha and for transplanting is 30-50kg/ha.

B) Seed Treatment: Prior to sowing the seed should be treated with 60gm Seresan 2.5% WP or other Organo Mercurial fungicides by dipping the seed in water.

C). Spacing: Th

01
Nov

Sowing and Transplanting:

Sowing and Transplanting:

A) Sowing

  • Rice is grown in three seasons. They are Kharif, Rabi/Winter and Summer seasons.
  • In kharif season the crop is sown during June.
  • In Rabi/Winter season the crop is sown during October – November.
  • In summer season the crop is sown during first fortnight of March.

B) Transplanting: The crop is transplanted in the main field at 25-30 days after sowing.

01
Nov

Climatic and Soil requirements

Climatic and Soil requirements

  • Climate: The suitable climate for Rice cultivation in Bihar is Temperate climate.
  • Rainfall: An average of 120-140cm of rainfall is required for paddy cultivation.
  • Temperature: The temperature requirement for paddy in Bihar is 21-37 degree Celsius.
  • Soil: The soil suitable for cultivation is heavy to sandy loam.
01
Nov

Suitable varieties recommended for cultivation in Bihar

Suitable varieties recommended for cultivation in Bihar

(A) For Kharif Season

             (a) Upland/Rainfed Condition : Pusa 2-21; Turanta (only 75 days crop); Prabhat (only 90 days crop); C.R. 44-35 (Saket-4); Saroj; Birsa Dhan 105; Birsa Dhan 201; Birsa Dhan 202; Dhanlaxmi; Kanchan; Kalinga -III; Richharia; Aditya; Tulasi; Vandana.

            (b) M

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