Best Viewed in Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome
Package of Practices
  • A compendium of state specific and location specific recommended package of practices are provided under this head. You may be interested to see that, thanks to our IP based customisation, that only your state (the state from where you are accessing RKMP) specific information is available.
  • You are on travel? Please select the state to which you belong. You have access to your state specific content as well.
  • Look for the related information heads on right side box. Click on any of them to get the access to the appropriate information.


Nadi (Paspalum distichum)


1. Moisture loving persistent perennial, extensively creeping by leafy stem rooting at the joints, runner flattened, hairy at the joints, often reddish purple.

2. Leaves thin, pale yellowish-green, abruptly tapering to sharp point, rough on the edges.


Kanki (Ischaemum rugosum)


1. Distinct transverse ridges on lower half of basal glume which are highly diagnostic for Ischaemum rugosum.

2. Other distinguishing characters: upper glume equal to or slightly longer than lower glume, spikelets less than 6 mm long.


Swanki (Echinochloa colonum)


1. Jungle rice, is 2 to 3 feet (60 - 90 cm) tall. Cotyledons (seed leaves) are greyish or dull green.

2. It is closely related to barnyard grass and looks similar except for the distinctive purple bands on leaves.

3. These bands may even be present on seedlings. There are no auricles or ligules in the collar region. Sharp-pointed, awnless spikelets are crowded alternately on branches.


Swank or Barnyard grass


Swank or Barnyard grass ( Echinochloa crusgalli)

1. This plant can grow to ~ 125 cm in height and has long, flat leaves which are often purplish at the base.

2. Most stems are upright, but some will spread out over the ground. Stems are flattened at the base.

3. The seed heads are having a distinctive feature, often purplish, with large millet-like seeds in crowded spikelets.

Weed flora associated with different Rice based eco systems in the Punjab are 1. Swank or Barnyard grass ( Echinochloa crusgalli). 2. Swanki ( Echinochloa colonum). 3. Kanki (Ischaemum rugosum). 4. Nadi ( Paspalum distichum). 5. Motha or Chhatriwala dila (Cyperus iria). 6. Motha or Jhone da dila (Cyperus difformis). 7. Mothi or Hoora grass or Ghueen ( Fimbristylis miliacea). 8. Ghueen (Eleocharis spp.). 9. Dokani or Bringraj ( Eclipta alba). 10. Sanni ( Sphenoclea zeylanica). 11. Gharilla ( Caesulia axillaris).
Copy rights | Disclaimer | RKMP Policies