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An enclosure for confining plants and insects.

Cage wheel

Cage-type steel wheel commonly used on hand tractors.

Calcareous soil

Soil that contains sufficient Calcium carbonate or Calcium Magnesium carbonate to effervesce visibly when treated with cold 0.1 N Hydrochloric acid.   


Plants that require or tolerate considerable amounts of calcium or, are associated with soils rich in calcium.   


Adjustment of model parameters to obtain model behavior that corresponds with observed behavior.

Calibration of sprayer

A series of steps done primarily to determine the volume of spray solution and time needed to spray a given area of field considering other factors (e.g., swath of the sprayer, pressure exerted inside the sprayer, or the sprayman's walking speed at an even pace).


A mass of thin walled undifferentiated cells, developed as a result of wounding or culture on nutrient media. Plant cells which proliferate on a defined medium and lack morphological differentiation.


A unit of measure of energy in food.


The outer ring of flower made up of separate or joined sepals, usually green and leaflike.

Cambic horizon

A subsurface soil horizon that has undergone marked alteration due to the soil-forming processes.


An adaptation where the color of an organism's body blends with the background.


Aboveground portion of plant community or crop.


Capacity is the ability to hold a fluid, very similar to volume.


1) A fruit that sheds the seed when dry, consisting of more than one carpel. 2) A relatively thick layer of mucopolysaccharides that surrounds some kinds of bacteria.


A chemical compound manufactured and accumulated by plants. e.g., sugar, starch, or cellulose.

Carbon cycle

The sequence of transformations whereby carbon dioxide is fixed in living organisms by photosynthesis or by chemosynthesis, liberated by respiration and by the death and decomposition of the fixing organism, used by heterotrophic species, and ultimately returned to its original state.

Carbon nitrogen ratio

The ratio of the weight of organic carbon to the weight of total nitrogen in soil or organic material.

Carbon sequestration

Carbon sequestration is the process of removing carbon from the atmosphere and depositing it in a reservoir. It is a geoengineering technique for long-term storage of carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to mitigate/defer global warming.


A flesh eater or an insect eating another insect.


One of the floral units that compose the fruit. A simple pistil or one of the structures of a compound pistil.


1) Transport proteins that bind specific solutes and undergo conformational change in order to transport the solute across the membrane. 2) A material necessary to hold pesticide and fertilizer elements in a form suitable for application.


An outgrowth on a seed developed by proliferation of integumentary tissue adjacent to the micropyle.


A caryopsis is a type of simple dry fruit. In a caryopsis, the pericarp is fused with the thin seed coat. The caryopsis is popularly called a grain and is the fruit typical of the family Poaceae (or Gramineae), such as wheat, rice, and corn. In rice, brown rice is the caryopsis.

Casella pyranometer

It is also called as actinograph, which measures the total solar radiation.


The Scientific name is Nymphula depunctalis. The larva lives in a case consisting of a piece of rolled rice leaf.

Cash crop

A cash crop is a crop which is grown for profit.

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