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Japonica rice

One of the two major ecogeographical races of O. sativa. A group of rice varieties from northern and eastern china grown extensively in some areas of the world. It has narrow, dark green leaves, medium height tillers and short to intermediate plant stature. It is found in the cooler zones of the subtropics and in the temperate zones. Grains are short, roundish, spikelets awnless to long-awned, panicles low-shattering, and have 0-20 % amylose content.

Jarosite

An ocher yellow or brown mineral consisting of basic Sulfate of Potassium and Iron and occurring in minute rhombohedral crystals or in masses. Found in Acid Sulfate soils.

Javanica rice

Designation for the bulu and gundil varieties of Indonesia and many upland rices. They belong to the japonica race of O. sativa. Rice varieties with broad, stiff, light green leaves. It is low tillering and has a tall plant stature. Grains are long, broad, and thick, awned or awnless. Javanica grains are low shattering and have 0-25 % amylose content.

Jointed

Constricted at intervals.

Juvenile stage

The immature or young growth period.

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