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Based on an exhaustive collection of terms from various sources, RiceVocs - A Compendium of Rice related vocabulary has been developed. This document along with Information Architecture is used for tagging purposes to make RKMP a semantic portal.

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Antidote

An antidote is a substance which can counteract a form of poisoning. A remedy to counteract the toxic effects of a pesticide (e.g., atropine sulfate for carbamate and phosphate poisoning).

Antifungal

A substance which is used against fungus either to control or kill.

Antigen

Foreign protein and occasionally complex lipids, carbohydrates, and some nucleic acids, which upon injection into a warm-blooded animal, induce the production of antibodies.

Antimicrobial

Referring to something which is capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, especially bacteria, fungi or viruses.

Antisense

Strand of DNA or RNA complementary to the sense strand of a gene. Sense and antisense strands anneal in vivo and cause inactivation to the gene's expression.

Antiserum

The blood serum of a warm-blooded animal that contains antibodies.

Antixenosis

A term proposed by kogan and ortman to replace nonpreference. It conveys the idea that the plant is avoided as a bad host. A property of the plant that makes it not attractive to some feeding or ovipositing insects.

Apiculate

Ending in a short-pointed tip.

Apiculus

A small extension of the lemma or palea.

Apomixis

Apomixis is a type of asexual reproduction, without fertilization. Apomictically produced offspring are genetically identical to the parent plant.

Apospory

A form of apomixis in which the embryo develops from the somatic cells of the nucellus.

Appendage

Any external outgrowth of a plant that does not have any apparent essential function.

Application rate

The amount of fertilizer or insecticide or herbicide applied per unit area or volume in experiments or in commercial production.

Applied research

Research in which results can be used immediately by the farmer and can be applied to the peculiar problems of a country or a region.

Appressorium

The swollen tip of a hypha or germ tube that facilitates attachment and penetration of the host tissue by the fungus pathogen.

Aquatic

Aquatic means relating to water.

Aquatic plan

A plant that grows and develops in standing water and provides sufficient aeration to the parts under water.

Aquatic weed

Weed that grows in water.

Aquic

Pertaining to a soil moisture regime characterized by water saturation of the soil at all depths for a least a few weeks every year.

Aquorizem

Soil characterized by a distinct accumulation horizon of iron oxide and manganese oxide below the traffic pan, formed as result of wetland rice cultivation.

Arable crops

Related to the growing of crops.

Arborio cooking rice

Arborio rice is a variety of short grained rice used primarily in the classical preparation of risotto. Originally cultivated in italy, today it is grown in California and Texas, USA.

Areolate

Marked out into small spaces, reticulate.

Argillic horizon

A soil horizon enriched by clay that has moved downward (USDA, 1975).

Arid

A region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. As a result, environments subject to arid climates tend to lack vegetation and are called xeric or desertic.

Aridic

A soil moisture regime that limits plant growth during much of the growing season. - A soil moisture regime that limits plant growth during much of the growing season.

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